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Table 2 Distribution of post-partum blood loss (mL) by receipt of AMTSL components (N = 39184)*

From: How effective are the components of active management of the third stage of labor?

  n Mean total blood loss (SD) Median total blood loss (IQR) Range
No oxytocin prophylaxis     
 No AMTSL components 1832 325 (240) 250 (200) 50-1800
 UM only 959 368 (268) 300 (250) 50-2000
 CCT only 4014 181 (167) 135 (95) 10-1550
 CCT + UM 1416 247 (255) 145 (125) 25-1350
Oxytocin prophylaxis     
Intramuscular administration     
  Oxytocin only 2853 335 (234) 300 (200) 25-3000
  Oxytocin + CCT 6103 279 (115) 300 (100) 100-2500
  Oxytocin + CCT + UM 4085 240 (195) 200 (180) 0-2250
Intravenous administration     
  Oxytocin only 785 277 (175) 250 (200) 50-2000
  Oxytocin + CCT 794 272 (149) 250 (120) 50-1700
  Oxytocin + CCT + UM 16343 235 (152) 200 (100) 30-2000
  1. *Total blood loss was recorded upon cessation of active bleeding.
  2. AMTSL denotes active management of the third stage of labor; CCT, controlled cord traction; UM, uterine massage; SD, standard deviation; and IQR, inter-quartile range.