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Table 1 Descriptive data on the study population

From: Factors influencing place of delivery for women in Kenya: an analysis of the Kenya demographic and health survey, 2008/2009

Variable Frequency (%) Variable Frequency (%)
Place of delivery 3967 Perceived benefit/need  
Home or on road 2109 (53.2%) No. of ANC visits 3892
Health facility 1858 (46.8%) None 290 (7.4%)
   1 visit 170 (4.4%)
Socio-cultural factors 2-3 visits 1560 (40.1%)  
Maternal age 3967 ≥ 4 1872 (48.1%)
≤ 20 years 441 (11.1%) Birth order 3967
21 – 34 years 2767 (69.8%) 1st delivery 845 (21.3%)
≥35years 759 (19.1%) 2nd – 3rd delivery 1531 (38.6%)
Marital status 3967 ≥ 4th delivery 1590 (40.1%)
Never Married 371 (9.4%) Prenatal Healthcare provider 3967
Married 3035 (76.5%) Doctor 882 (22.2%)
Living together 205 (5.2%) Nurse 2723 (68.6)
Widowed 116 (2.9%) TBA 74 (1.9%)
Divorced 34 (0.9%) No ANC 288 (7.3%)
Living separately 206 (5.2%) Health facility of ANC 3959
Ethnic Group 3967 Government Hospital 1026 (25.9%)
Kalenjin 610 (15.4%) Health centre 956 (24.2%)
Kamba 432 (10.9%) Dispensary 1050 (26.5%)
Kikuyu 628 (15.8%) Private health facility 306 (7.7%)
Kisii 263 (6.6%) Faith-based facility 266 (6.7%)
Luhya 617 (15.6%) Other 67 (1.7%)
Luo 568 (14.3%) No ANC 288 (7.3%)
Meru 194 (4.9%) Physical accessibility  
Mijikenda/Swahili 215 (5.4%) Region 3967
Somali 125 (3.2%) Nairobi 268 (6.8%)
Other 314 (7.9%) Central 370 (9.3%)
Religion 3964 Coast 330 (8.3%)
Roman Catholic 817 (20.6%) Eastern 628 (15.8%)
Protestant/Christian 2696 (68.0%) Nyanza 733 (18.5%)
Muslim 317 (8.0%) Rift valley 1102 (27.8%)
No religion 119 (3.0%) Western 440 (11.1%)
Other 15 (0.4%) North Eastern 96 (2.4%)
Household size   Residence 3967
Median (range; IQR3) 5 ( 1 – 18; 4 – 7) Urban 822 (20.7%)
Presence of co-wife 3196 Rural 3145 (79.3%)
No 2809 (87.9%) Distance 3956
Yes 387 (12.1%) <2 Km 1917 (48.5%)
Relationship to household head 3967 2 – 5 Km 1575 (39.8%)
Head 832 (21.0%) >5 Km 464 (11.7%)
Wife 2373 (59.8%) Economic Accessibility  
Other 761 (19.2%) Wealth index 3967
Maternal education 3966 Poorest 841 (21.2%)
None 440 (11.1%) Poor 762 (19.2%)
Primary 2483 (62.6%) Middle 742 (18.7%)
Secondary 833 (21.0%) Richer 762 (19.2%)
Higher 210 (5.3%) Richest 860 (21.7%)
   Insurance 3962
   No 3744 (94.5%)
   Yes 218 (5.5%)