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Table 5 Total costs of pregnancy to the NHS for all pregnant multiparous women and mean costs of pregnancy per pregnant multiparous women (UK Sterling, price year 2010)

From: A structured review and exploration of the healthcare costs associated with stillbirth and a subsequent pregnancy in England and Wales

Group Average unit costs Best case scenario (using lower quartile costs) Worst case scenario (using upper quartile costs)
  Total costs of pregnancy Mean cost per pregnant woman Total costs of pregnancy Mean cost per pregnant woman Total costs of pregnancy Mean cost per pregnant woman
     Number    %      Number    %      Number    %  
1: Women with a previous healthy child £812,436,000 87.4 £2,147 £498,068,000 84.6 £1,316 £962,903,000 87.6 £2,544
2a: Women with a previous healthy child but has diabetes £80,470,000 8.7 £3,870 £65,128,000 11.1 £3,132 £92,229,000 8.4 £4,436
2b: Women with a previous healthy child but has hypertension £36,430,000 3.9 £2,920 £25,850,000 4.4 £2,072 £43,927,000 4.0 £3,521
Total £929,336,000 98.4 - £589,046,000 98.2 - £1,099,059,000 98.4 -
3a: Women with a previous stillbirth – known causes (non-recurrent) £2,719,000 18.0 £3,235 £1,902,000 17.8 £2,263 £3,309,000 18.0 £3,937
3b: Women with a previous stillbirth – known causes (recurrent) £9,420,000 62.2 £3,720 £6,660,000 61.9 £2,607 £11,410,000 62.2 £4,506
3c: Women with a previous stillbirth – unknown causes £2,371,000 15.7 £3,751 £1,664,000 15.6 £2,633 £2,872,000 15.7 £4,543
Total £14,510,000 1.5 - £10, 226,000 1.7 - £17,591,000 1.6 -
Overall Total £943,846,000 95.9 - £599,272,000 95.3 - £1,116,650,000 95.9 -
  1. Group 3 refers to low risk multiparous women with a previous still birth. High risk women who have a previous still birth include those suffering from diabetes and hypertension and these account for 3.1% and 1% of the population respectively of women who have a still birth and thus make up the remaining 4.1%. (i.e. 95.9% +4.1% = 100%).