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Table 5 Association between age, education level, ethnicity, planned place of birth parity, and use of medicinal pain relief method that was preferred prenatally (N = 1511)

From: Dutch women in midwife-led care at the onset of labour: which pain relief do they prefer and what do they use?

  Total Na No (%) Univariable OR (CI) MultivariablebOR (CI)
Age groups (years)     
  ≤35 1291 14 (32.6) 1.56 (0.76–3.20) 1.96 (0.87–4.43)
  >35 220 45 (23.7) 1.0 1.0
Level of education     
  Low-Medium 658 17 (18.1) 1.0 1.0
  High 853 42 (30.2) 1.96 (1.04–3.71)** 1.66 (0.83–3.34)
Ethnic background c     
  Dutch 1336 47 (25.3) 1.0 1.0
  Non-Dutch 173 12 (25.5) 1.01 (0.49–2.11) 0.74 (0.33–1.68)
Planned place of birth d     
  Home 910 17 (20.0) 1.0 1.0
  Hospital 560 42 (29.6%) 1.68 (0.88–3.19) 2.14 (1.04–4.39)**
Parity     
  Primiparous 686 41 (38.0) 3.64 (1.93–6.85)** 4.60 (2.27–9.13)**
  Parous 825 18 (14.4) 1.0 1.0
  1. aMissing ‘use of medicinal pain relief which was preferred prenatally’ n = 10, badjusted for age, education level, ethnic background, planned place of birth and parity, cmissing ‘ethnic background’ n = 2, dmissing ‘planned place of birth’ n = 41. **p < 0.05, R2 = 18%.