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Table 4 Association between age, education level, ethnicity, planned place of birth, parity and women’s preference to use medicinal pain (N = 1511)

From: Dutch women in midwife-led care at the onset of labour: which pain relief do they prefer and what do they use?

  Total Nb No (%) Univariable OR (CI) MultivariableaOR (CI)
Age groups (years)     
  <25 100 9 (9.2) 0.55 (0.27–1.11) 0.60 (0.29–1.27)
  25–35 1191 181 (15.6) 1.0 1.0
  >35 220 43 (20.2) 1.37 (0.95–1.99) 1.11 (0.74–1.67)
Level of education     
  Low 157 22 (14.3) 0.97 (0.58–1.62) 0.93 (0.54–1.60)
  Medium 501 72 (14.7) 1.0 1.0
  High 853 139 (16.7) 1.17 (0.86–1.59) 1.11 (0.79–1.56)
Ethnic background c     
  Dutch 1336 186 (14.2) 1.0 1.0
  Non-Dutch 173 47 (28.8) 2.45 (1.69–3.56)** 1.96 (1.31–2.94)**
Planned place of birth d     
  Home 910 85 (9.5) 1.0 1.0
  Hospital 560 142 (26.2) 3.37 (2.51–4.52)** 3.37 (2.46–4.63)**
Parity     
  Primiparous 686 108 (16.0) 1.03 (0.78–1.36) 0.90 (0.66–1.22)
  Parous 825 125 (15.6) 1.0 1.0
  1. aAdjusted for age, education, ethnic background, planned place of birth and parity.
  2. bMissing ‘women’s preference to use medicinal pain relief n = 47.
  3. cMissing ethnic background n = 2.
  4. dMissing place of birth n = 41, **p < 0.05, R2 = 10%.