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Table 4 Summary of mode of delivery

From: Japanese trends in breastfeeding rate in baby-friendly hospitals between 2007 and 2010: a retrospective hospital-based surveillance study

   2007   2008   2009   2010
  No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%)
(1) Total No. of delivery 23,762   31,036   31,612   35,168  
  Single birth 23,088 97.2 30,157 97.2 30,719 97.2 33,622 95.6
  Multiple birth* 674 2.8 878 2.8 893 2.8 823 2.8
(2) Mode of delivery
  Vaginal delivery 19,146 80.6 24,528 79.0 25,064 79.3 27,454 78.1
  Cesarean section 4,505 19.0 6,508 21.0 6,527 20.6 7,670 21.8
  Emergency cesarean section** 0 0.0 0 0.0 2,298 7.3 3,387 9.6
  No. of vacuum extraction 1,396 5.9 1,902 6.1 1,880 5.9 2,145 6.1
  No. of forceps delivery 124 0.5 139 0.4 200 0.6 274 0.8
  No. of episiotomy 5,647 23.8 7,700 24.8 7,583 24.0 7,195 20.5
  Labor induction 3,453 14.5 5,152 16.6 5,618 17.8 5,385 15.3
  Epidural anesthesia*** 66 0.3 70 0.2 57 0.2 152 0.4
  1. *Multiple births includes more than twin birth.
  2. **The number of emergency cesarean sections is included in the number of cesarean sections.
  3. ***Epidural anesthesia includes painless delivery.