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Table 1 Definition of healthy newborns in the present study

From: Japanese trends in breastfeeding rate in baby-friendly hospitals between 2007 and 2010: a retrospective hospital-based surveillance study

1) Term baby whose gestational age is between 37 weeks, 0 days and 41 weeks, 6 days.
2) Birth weight is between 2,500 g and 3,999 g.
3) Exclusion criteria: Newborns were excluded from the survey if they had the following conditions.
a)  Babies treated separately due to reasons including requirement for incubation or admission to NICU.
b)  Babies given intravenous fluids.
c)  Babies with problems affecting breastfeeding including cleft palate or hypoglycemia.
d)  Babies whose mothers had complications influencing breastfeeding ability including major hemorrhage or the intake of medicines where breastfeeding is prohibited.