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Table 5 Care received during labour and birth by ethnicity

From: Experiencing maternity care: the care received and perceptions of women from different ethnic groups

  White Mixed Indian Pakistani Bangladeshi Black Caribbean Black African Other ethnicity
Birth in a birth centre/at home vs hospital
  n (%) 1348 (6.7) 11 (3.7) 26 (4.8) 23 (4.2) 10 (6.8) 7 (4.8) 15 (2.7) 53 (4.7)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 0.65 (0.34-1.26) 0.71 (0.47-1.09) 0.64 (0.41-0.99) 1.03 (0.52-2.04) 0.78 (0.36-1.71) 0.41 (0.25-0.70) 0.68 (0.51-0.92)
Pethidine or similar for pain relief
  n (%) 5530 (30.7) 77 (28.7) 125 (25.4) 119 (23.2) 34 (23.6) 41 (28.7) 129 (24.6) 279 (26.5)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 0.85 (0.64-1.13) 0.75 (0.60-0.93) 0.67 (0.53-0.83) 0.64 (0.42-0.95) 0.77 (0.52-1.15) 0.77 (0.62-0.96) 0.81 (0.69-0.94)
Epidural or similar for pain relief
  n (%) 5294 (29.4) 77 (28.7) 147 (29.8) 101 (19.6) 28 (19.4) 35 (24.5) 158 (30.1) 342 (32.5)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 0.94 (0.70-1.28) 1.01 (0.82-1.24) 0.70 (0.56-0.89) 0.65 (0.42-1.01) 0.78 (0.52-1.17) 1.23 (0.99-1.52) 1.17 (1.01-1.35)
Vaginal delivery
  n (%) 15520 (75.7) 228 (72.6) 418 (73.3) 441 (77.1) 125 (79.1) 121 (75.2) 404 (64.6) 856 (73.0)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 0.86 (0.66-1.12) 0.93 (0.77-1.13) 0.98 (0.79-1.20) 1.08 (0.72-1.63) 0.95 (0.64-1.40) 0.58 (0.48-0.69) 0.94 (0.82-1.09)
Sitting/standing/on side vs lying at birth
  n (%) 4949 (32.9) 64 (28.7) 114 (27.4) 130 (29.5) 34 (27.4) 24 (20.5) 85 (21.3) 244 (29.2)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 0.88 (0.65-1.18) 0.72 (0.58-0.90) 0.68 (0.55-0.85) 0.67 (0.45-0.99) 0.60 (0.40-0.91) 0.53 (0.42-0.67) 0.81 (0.70-0.95)
Birth in water
  n (%) 809 (5.2) 10 (4.3) 8 (1.9) 1 (0.2) 2 (1.6) 9 (7.4) 9 (2.2) 27 (3.1)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 1.13 (0.56-2.29) 0.41 (0.20-0.84) 0.05 (0.01-0.36) 0.16 (0.04-0.66) 1.74 (0.86-3.50) 0.40 (0.20-0.79) 0.53 (0.35-0.81)
Birth in water/floor vs in bed
  n (%) 1550 (10.2) 16 (7.0) 18 (4.3) 15 (3.4) 5 (4.0) 15 (12.5) 15 (3.6) 55 (6.4)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 0.90 (0.51-1.57) 0.43 (0.27-0.70) 0.29 (0.17-0.50) 0.34 (0.13-0.91) 1.47 (0.84-2.59) 0.35 (0.20-0.59) 0.60 (0.45-0.81)
  1. *Adjusted for woman’s age, parity, partner status and prematurity. Figures in bold are statistically significant.