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Table 3 Access to antenatal services and care received during pregnancy by ethnicity

From: Experiencing maternity care: the care received and perceptions of women from different ethnic groups

  White Mixed Indian Pakistani Bangladeshi Black Caribbean Black African Other Ethnicity
>12 weeks first saw HP         
  n (%) 859 (4.2) 18 (6.0) 33 (5.9) 46 (8.3) 8 (5.2) 16 (10.2) 64 (10.5) 87 (7.6)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 1.06 (0.64-1.75) 1.28 (0.88-1.86) 1.82 (1.31-2.53) 1.05 (0.50-2.19) 1.89 (1.11-3.23) 2.19 (1.63-2.92) 1.80 (1.41-2.30)
MW first HP seen         
  n (%) 5128 (26.3) 59 (19.8) 118 (21.7) 171 (30.4) 27 (17.2) 19 (12.5) 85 (13.7) 220 (19.4)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 0.66 (0.49-0.90) 0.76 (0.61-0.94) 1.10 (0.91-1.34) 0.54 (0.35-0.82) 0.44 (0.26-0.74) 0.44 (0.26-0.74) 0.68 (0.58-0.80)
>12 weeks booking appointment         
  n (%) 4375 (23.2) 105 (36.6) 141 (27.3) 142 (27.7) 33 (24.1) 55 (37.4) 229 (40.2) 324 (31.1)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 1.73 (1.34-2.23) 1.22 (0.99-1.49) 1.30 (1.06-1.59) 1.09 (0.73-1.62) 1.66 (1.17-2.36) 2.02 (1.68-2.42) 1.46 (1.27-1.69)
Less than 10 AN check-ups         
  n (%) 14768 (77.6) 208 (73.8) 386 (74.5) 425 (83.2) 118 (87.4) 111 (77.1) 405 (77.4) 851 (82.3)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 0.86 (0.64-1.14) 0.84 (0.69-1.03) 1.45 (1.14-1.85) 2.08 (1.22-3.54) 1.08 (0.71-1.64) 1.03 (0.83-1.29) 1.32 (1.11-1.57)
Dating scan (8–14 weeks)         
  n (%) 19506 (95.7) 288 (93.5) 528 (93.5) 518 (92.7) 147 (93.6) 149 (96.1) 575 (91.7) 1054 (91.8)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 0.68 (0.42-1.10) 0.68 (0.48-0.96) 0.58 (0.42-0.82) 0.73 (0.37-1.43) 1.31 (0.56-3.05) 0.56 (0.41-0.78) 0.51 (0.40-0.64)
Down’s syndrome testing        
  n (%) 14731 (97.0) 223 (96.5) 415 (96.3) 279 (95.2) 89 (96.7) 129 (97.7) 468 (95.7) 877 (94.6)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 0.84 (0.40-1.78) 0.88 (0.52-1.48) 0.67 (0.38-1.18) 1.02 (0.32-3.29) 1.89 (0.57-6.28) 0.82 (0.51-1.31) 0.58 (0.42-0.80)
Anomaly scan (20 weeks)         
  n (%) 20271 (99.3) 301 (98.0) 553 (97.5) 551 (96.2) 148 (96.1) 158 (100) 597 (95.5) 1123 (97.1)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 0.47 (0.20-1.10) 0.29 (0.16-0.52) 0.21 (0.13-0.34) 0.24 (0.10-0.57) 0 0.18 (0.11-0.29) 0.26 (0.17-0.38)
2 or more scans during pregnancy         
  n (%) 20141 (98.6) 302 (96.2) 548 (96.5) 543 (94.6) 152 (96.2) 157 (98.1) 587 (93.6) 1105 (95.3)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 0.40 (0.21-0.76) 0.37 (0.23-0.59) 0.27 (0.18-0.40) 0.49 (0.21-1.15) 0.94 (0.27-3.29) 0.22 (0.15-0.31) 0.30 (0.22-0.42)
Attended antenatal classes         
  n (%) 6371 (59.4) 93 (52.0) 198 (63.1) 81 (25.6) 31 (37.8) 46 (46.5) 177 (46.0) 355 (52.0)
  aOR (95% CI)* 1 1.17 (0.76-1.81) 1.22 (0.88-1.69) 0.34 (0.24-0.48) 0.71 (0.37-1.38) 0.85 (0.49-1.47) 1.05 (0.77-1.43) 0.77 (0.61-0.98)
  1. *Adjusted for woman’s age, parity and partner status HP health professional, MW midwife, AN antenatal. Figures in bold are statistically significant.