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Table 1 Characteristics of participants (n = 644) by delivery location, Kaski, Nepal, 2012

From: Determinants of facility delivery after implementation of safer mother programme in Nepal: a prospective cohort study

Characteristics Home delivery Facility delivery Total Chi-square test p-value
n 97 547 644  
Women’s age (years)     0.640
  15-19 17 (17.5%) 76 (13.9%) 93 (14.4%)  
  20-24 47 (48.5%) 279 (51%) 326 (50.6%)  
  25-40 33 (34%) 192 (35.1%) 225 (34.9%)  
Parity     0.208
  0 42 (43.3%) 292 (53.4%) 334 (51.9%)  
  1 30 (30.9%) 149 (27.2%) 179 (27.8%)  
  2 15 (15.5%) 73 (13.3%) 88 (13.7%)  
  3-7 10 (10.3%) 33 (6%) 43 (6.7%)  
Women’s education level     < 0.001
  No education 24 (24.7%) 31 (5.7%) 55 (8.5%)  
  Primary 27 (27.8%) 107 (19.6%) 134 (20.8%)  
  Secondary 34 (35.1%) 204 (37.3%) 238 (37%)  
  Higher secondary or above 12 (12.4%) 205 (37.5%) 217 (33.7%)  
Husband’s education level     < 0.001
  No education 4 (4.1%) 6 (1.1%) 10 (1.6%)  
  Primary 32 (33%) 93 (17%) 125 (19.4%)  
  Secondary 44 (45.4%) 204 (37.3%) 248 (38.5%)  
  Higher secondary or above 17 (17.5%) 244 (44.6%) 261 (40.5%)  
Husband’s employment     0.003
  Employed 7 (7.2%) 105 (19.2%) 112 (17.4%)  
  Semi-employed 67 (69.1%) 363 (66.4%) 430 (66.8%)  
  Unemployed 23 (23.7%) 79 (14.4%) 102 (15.8%)  
Residential location     < 0.001
  Rural 64 (66%) 233 (42.6%) 297 (46.1%)  
  Urban 33 (34%) 314 (57.4%) 347 (53.9%)  
Caste     < 0.001
  Lower caste 42 (43.3%) 119 (21.8%) 161 (25.1%)  
  Janajati 15 (15.5%) 125 (22.9%) 140 (21.8%)  
  Upper Caste 40 (41.2%) 301 (55.2%) 341 (53.1%)  
Household wealth quintile     < 0.001
  1 (lowest) 39 (41.1%) 99 (18.2%) 138 (21.6%)  
  2 25 (26.3%) 97 (17.8%) 122 (19.1%)  
  3 14 (14.7%) 107 (19.6%) 121 (18.9%)  
  4 10 (10.5%) 114 (20.9%) 124 (19.4%)  
  5 (highest) 7 (7.4%) 128 (23.5%) 135 (21.1%)  
Information received on pregnancy and delivery     0.790
  No 23 (23.7%) 123 (22.5%) 146 (22.7%)  
  Yes 74 (76.3%) 424 (77.5%) 498 (77.3%)  
Maternity issues discussed with family     0.014
  No 47 (50%) 200 (36.6%) 247 (38.6%)  
  Yes 47 (50%) 346 (63.4%) 393 (61.4%)  
Frequency of antenatal care visit     0.009
  < 4 35 (37.2%) 133 (24.3%) 168 (26.2%)  
  ≥ 4 59 (62.8%) 414 (75.7%) 473 (73.8%)  
Distance to nearest health facility     < 0.001
  ≤ 30 minutes 22 (22.7%) 355 (64.9%) 377 (58.5%)  
  31–60 minutes 46 (47.4%) 144 (26.3%) 190 (29.5%)  
  > 60 minutes 29 (29.9%) 48 (8.8%) 77 (12%)