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Table 2 RECODE and RECODE-R classifications among the whole sample and SGA stillbirths

From: Stillbirth classification in population-based data and role of fetal growth restriction: the example of RECODE

Primary relevant condition of death† RECODE RECODE-R
Total (n = 969) SGA (n = 475) Total (n = 969) SGA (n = 475)
Categories and subcategories n % n % n % n %
A-Foetus 569 58.7 475 100.0 335 34.6 241 50.7
A1-Lethal congenital anomaly 142 14.7 83 17.5 142 14.7 83 17.5
A2-Infection 33 3.4 12 2.5 33 3.4 12 2.5
A3-Non-immune hydrops 13 1.3 3 0.6 13 1.3 3 0.6
A5-Foetomaternal haemorrhage 11 1.1 7 1.5 11 1.1 7 1.5
A7-Fetal growth restriction 370 38.2 370 77.9 136 14.0 136 28.6
B-Umbilical cord 65 6.7    116 12.0 51 10.7
B1-Prolapse 4 0.4    5 0.5 1 0.2
B2-Constricting loop or knot 54 5.6    97 10.0 43 9.0
B4-Umbilical cord - Other 7 0.7    14 1.4 7 1.5
C-Placenta 119 12.3    240 24.8 121 25.5
C1-Placenta abruptio 68 7.0    103 10.6 35 7.4
C2-Placenta praevia 1 0.1    2 0.2 1 0.2
C3-Vasa praevia 4 0.4    5 0.5 1 0.2
C4-Placental insufficiency 33 3.4    96 9.9 63 13.3
C5-Placenta - Other 13 1.3    34 3.5 21 4.4
D-Amniotic fluid 50 5.2    100 10.3 50 10.5
D1-Chorioamnionitis 36 3.7    55 5.7 19 4.0
D2-Oligohydramnios 4 0.4    27 2.8 23 4.8
D3-Polyhydramnios 7 0.7    11 1.1 4 0.8
D4-Amniotic fluid - Other 3 0.3    7 0.7 4 0.8
E-Uterus 4 0.4    5 0.5 1 0.2
E2-Anomalies 4 0.4    5 0.5 1 0.2
F-Mother 13 1.3    22 2.3 9 1.9
F1-Diabetes 2 0.2    2 0.2   
F4-Hypertensive diseases in pregnancy      1 0.1 1 0.2
F6-Cholestasis 1 0.1    2 0.2 1 0.2
F7-Drug misuse      1 0.1 1 0.2
F8-Maternal - Other 10 1.0    16 1.7 6 1.3
G-Intrapartum 12 1.2    14 1.4 2 0.4
G1-Asphyxia 10 1.0    12 1.2 2 0.4
G2-Birth trauma 2 0.2    2 0.2   
H-Trauma 2 0.2    2 0.2   
H1-External trauma 2 0.2    2 0.2   
I-Unclassified 135 13.9    135 13.9   
I1-No relevant condition identified 102 10.5    102 10.5   
I2-No information available 33 3.4    33 3.4   
  1. † Subcategories with results equal to zero were not mentioned.