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Table 2 Fetal complications identified during consultations due to decreased fetal movement (DFM)

From: Wavelet principal component analysis of fetal movement counting data preceding hospital examinations due to decreased fetal movement: a prospective cohort study

Outcome of hospital examination due to DFM PATHOLOGY IDENTIFIED AT DFM-RELATED CONSULTATION 22 (15%)
  Intrauterine fetal death 1
  Fetal distressa 4
  Polyhydramniosb 1
  Oligohydramniosb 2
  Fetal weight estimate <-10% by ultrasound measurement 14
  Fetal malformation 1
Proxy for fetal health at time of consultation, based on examination outcome, birth outcome and placental pathology assumed relevant to the consultation ASSUMED FETAL COMPROMISE AT TIME OF CONSULTATION 27 (36%)
  Pathology identified at DFM-related consultation 19
  Delivery complications  
  Intrapartum intervention due to non-reassuring fetal statec 0
  Emergency cesarean sectiond 3
  Birth outcome  
  Neonatal complicationse 11
  Intrauterine fetal death 1
  Small for gestational agef 7
  Fetal growth restrictiong 3
  Apgar <75minutes 2
  Other 3
  Placental pathology, total [n=48 (63%)] 13
  Infectionsh 1
  Maternal placental circulatory disorderi 10
  Other 2
  1. aNon-reassuring cardiotocography finding or pathological blood flow in umbilical artery (as defined by clinician).
  2. bAs reported by clinicians in medical records.
  3. cAsphyxia or protracted delivery with pathological cardiotocography finding.
  4. dIntervention decided upon within eight hours before delivery, including acute and emergency cases.
  5. eSmall for gestational age, infections, Apgar score <75min, malformations or transfer to neonatal care unit for conditions relevant to fetal growth restriction or fetal distress (respiratory syndrome or cerebral irritation).
  6. fBirth weight < 10th percentile, adjusted for gestational age and fetal sex.
  7. gBirth weight < 2.5th percentile, adjusted for gestational age and fetal sex.
  8. hChorioamnionitis or villitis.
  9. iInfarctions/lesions, hemorrhages, abruptions and ischemic changes.