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Table 3 Surgical outcomes at discharge for women receiving treatment at GFC, Gitega, Burundi according to the fistula type and the complexity of the fistula

From: Obstetric Fistula in Burundi: a comprehensive approach to managing women with this neglected disease

Surgical outcome* Type of obstetric fistula Complexity of the fistula Total
  VVF RVF n (%) VVF & RVF n Non-complex Complex**
  n (%) n (%) (%) n (%) n (%)  
Total 395 41 18 114 340 454
Fistula Closed 341 (86) 38 (93) 15 (83) 114 (100) 280 (82) 394 (87)
  Continent 258 (75) 36 (95) 7 (47) 99 (87) 202 (72) 301 (76)
  Incontinent 83 (21) 2 (5) 8 (53) 15 (13) 78 (28) 93 (23)
Fistula Unclosed 53 (13) 3 (7) 3 (17) 0 (0) 59 (17) 59 (13)
Fistula status unknown 1 (0.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0.3) 1 (0.2)
  1. GFC Gitega fistula centre, VVF Vesico-vaginal fistula, RVF Recto-vaginal fistula.
  2. * Includes the 31 women in whom conservative treatment was unsuccessful.
  3. ** Includes: multiple fistulae, RVF or mixed VVF/RVF, fistula greater than 4 cm in size, failed previous surgical repair attempts and/or type II or III fistula according to the Kees Waaldijk classification system [15].