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Table 1 Clinical and obstetric characteristics of pregnant women in a community based study

From: Preeclampsia is associated with increased maternal body weight in a northeastern Brazilian population

Variables Preeclampsia (n = 30) Normotensive controls (n = 182) p-value(1)
Maternal age (years) 26.9 ± 7.9 23.9 ± 5.8 0.014
Number of gestations 2.3 ± 3.0 2.5 ± 1.7 0.647
Mean Parity 1.1 ± 2.9 1.2 ± 1.3 0.873
BMI at recruitment (kg/m2) 25.3 ± 3.9 23.7 ± 3.6 0.020
Gestational age at recruitment (weeks) 19.6 ± 8.2 18.7 ± 7.8 0.599
Gestational age at delivery (weeks) 37.6 ± 3.2 39.1 ± 1.9 0.015
Maternal Initial weight (kg) 63.9 ± 11.2 58.3 ± 9.3 0.038
Gestational age at delivery (weeks) 37.6 ± 3.2 39.1 ± 1.9 0.015
Infant birth weight (g) 3028 ± 802 3236 ± 491 0.178
AST (U/l) 16.6 ± 4.1 15.2 ± 5.1 0.193
ALT (U/l) 14.8 ± 5.7 11.9 ± 5.5 0.012
Total Cholesterol (mg/dl) 227.1 ± 57.2 221.2 ± 54.2 0.607
Tryglicerides (mg/dl) 190.1 ± 61.8 177.8 ± 59.5 0.326
HDL (mg/dl) 49.1 ± 13.6 48.9 ± 11.4 0.964
LDL (mg/dl) 139.3 ± 53.8 136.2 ± 46.7 0.762
VLDL (mg/dl) 37.5 ± 12.4 35.1 ± 11.9 0.343
Glucose (mg/dl) 64.9 ± 11.0 68.4 ± 47.6 0.714
Urea (mg/dl) 20.7 ± 4.1 22.0 ± 5.6 0.272
Creatinine (mg/dl) 0.7 ± 1.4 0.2 ± 0.8 0.006
UricAcid (mg/dl) 3.1 ± 1.4 2.9 ± 1.3 0.598
Family history of chronic hypertension    0.949
Yes 17 (56.7%) 102 (56.0%)  
No 13 (43.3%) 80 (42.0%)  
Family history of preeclampsia (mother)    0.314
Yes 2 (6.7%) 5 (2.7%)  
No 28 (93.3%) 177 (97.3%)  
Family history of preeclampsia (sibling)    0.618
Yes 2 (6.7%) 7 (3.8%)  
No 28 (93.3%) 175 (96.2%)  
Type of delivery    <0.001
Vaginal 8 (26.7%) 141 (77.5%)  
Cesarean section 22 (76.3%) 41 (22.5%)  
Age group    0.087
< 20 years 4 (13.3%) 48 (26.4%)  
20 – 24 years 8 (26.7%) 61 (35.3%)  
25 – 34 years 12 (40.0%) 60 (33.0%)  
> 34 years 6 (20.0%) 13 (7.1%)  
BMI by interval (kg/m2)    0.070
< 18.5 1 (3.3%) 12 (6.6%)  
18.5 – 24.9 11 (36.7%) 107 (58.8%)  
25.0 – 29.0 14 (46.6%) 52 (28.6%)  
> 29.0 4 (13.3%) 11 (6.0%)  
  1. (1) Student – t test for continue variables or Chi-Square test for categorical variables, data mean ± Sd.