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Table 1 Short description of the BPP exercises

From: Evaluation of a birth preparation program on lumbopelvic pain, urinary incontinence, anxiety and exercise: a randomized controlled trial

Stretching Head and neck; anterior, posterior and lateral trunk; lower limbs; active mobilization of the spine and pelvis in the position of all fours; lumbar traction
Venous return Exercises with the lower limbs in the standing and lateral decubitus position
Abdominal exercises Transverse abdominal muscle activation in both standing and all four positions
PFMT Maximal rapid and sustained contraction on standing and sitting position
Relaxation Training of breathing techniques for contraction control during labor; progressive relaxation techniques; massage; mentalization