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Table 1 Short description of the BPP exercises

From: Evaluation of a birth preparation program on lumbopelvic pain, urinary incontinence, anxiety and exercise: a randomized controlled trial


Head and neck; anterior, posterior and lateral trunk; lower limbs; active mobilization of the spine and pelvis in the position of all fours; lumbar traction

Venous return

Exercises with the lower limbs in the standing and lateral decubitus position

Abdominal exercises

Transverse abdominal muscle activation in both standing and all four positions


Maximal rapid and sustained contraction on standing and sitting position


Training of breathing techniques for contraction control during labor; progressive relaxation techniques; massage; mentalization