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Table 3 Effect of ethnicity on late antenatal booking, stratified by English language ability and UK/non-UK birth place #

From: Predictors of the timing of initiation of antenatal care in an ethnically diverse urban cohort in the UK

Self- defined ethnicity English language ability & Place of birth n OR * [95% CI]
British (White) Speak English & born in the UK 1,662 1.00  
Speak English & not born in the UK 919 1.02 [0.84, 1.24]
Do not speak English & not born in the UK 1,060 1.47 [1.23, 1.76]
Eastern European or Other White Speak English & born in the UK 532 0.88 [0.69, 1.11]
Speak English & not born in the UK 1,199 1.42 [1.21, 1.68]
  Do not speak English & not born in the UK 1,108 3.10 [2.63, 3.66]
African or Caribbean Speak English & born in the UK 420 1.40 [1.11, 1.76]
Speak English & not born in the UK 2,526 1.85 [1.62, 2.12]
Do not speak English & not born in the UK 687 2.20 [1.82, 2.66]
South Asian (Bangladeshi, Indian or Pakistani) Speak English & born in the UK 1,196 1.14 [0.96, 1.35]
Speak English & not born in the UK 3,549 1.25 [1.10, 1.43]
Do not speak English & not born in the UK 2,729 2.20 [1.82, 2.66]
Other Asian Speak English & born in the UK 48 0.94 [0.48, 1.83]
Speak English & not born in the UK 480 1.70 [1.37, 2.11]
Do not speak English & not born in the UK 399 1.47 [1.16, 1.85]
Other Speak English & born in the UK 263 1.13 [0.85, 1.50]
Speak English & not born in the UK 224 1.47 [1.09, 1.97]
  Do not speak English & not born in the UK 167 1.95 [1.41, 2.71]
  1. OR, Odds ratio; CI, Confidence interval.
  2. * Adjusted for maternal age at booking, parity, maternal occupation, housing status & year of booking.
  3. # Stratum-specific odds ratios were not calculated for women who did not speak English and were born in the UK, as there were only 183 women total in this sub-group.