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Table 1 The characteristics of study sample

From: Prevalence and risk factors of childbirth-related post-traumatic stress symptoms

  Traumatic birth (n = 218) With PTSD (n = 80) Without PTSD (n = 138)  
   No (%) No (%) P
Age groups (years)     0.80
<20 19 (8.7) 8 (10.0) 11 (8.0)  
21-36 189 (86.7) 69 (86.2) 120 (87.0)  
>36 10 (4.6) 3 (3.8) 7 (5.1)  
Education     0.003
Primary 85 (39) 38 (47.5) 47 (34.1)  
Secondary 99 (45.4) 38 (47.5) 61 (44.2)  
Higher 34 (15.6) 4 (5.0) 30 (21.7)  
Employment status     0.152
House wife 196 (89.9) 5 (6.2) 17 (12.3)  
Employed 22 (10.1) 75 (93.8) 121 (87.7)  
Number of children     0.707
>1 99 (45.4) 35 (43.8) 64 (46.4)  
1 119 (54.6) 45 (56.2) 74 (53.6)  
Pregnancy was planned     0.007
Yes 169 (77.5) 54 (67.5) 115 (83.3)  
No 49 (22.5) 26 (32.5) 23 (16.7)  
Gestational age at delivery     0.001
Term 200 (91.7) 67 (83.8) 133 (96.4)  
Preterm 18 (8.3) 13 (16.2) 5 (3.6)  
Number of prenatal care visits     0.004
>10 163 (74.8) 52 (65.0) 111 (80.4)  
8-10 40 (18.3) 17 (21.2) 23 (16.7)  
<8 15 (6.9) 11 (13.8) 4 (2.9)  
Complications due to pregnancy     <0.001
Yes 79 (36.2) 41 (51.2) 38 (27.5)  
No 139 (63.8) 39 (48.8) 100 (72.5)  
Admission due to pregnancy complications     0.012
Yes 13 (6.0) 9 (11.2) 4 (2.9)  
No 205 (94.0) 71 (88.8) 134 (97.1)  
Pregnancy intervals (year)     <0.001
>2 194 (89.0) 61 (76.2) 133 (96.4)  
<2 24 (11.0) 19 (23.8) 5 (3.6)  
Labor duration in hours     0.007
Cesarean section 127 (58.3) 54 (67.5) 73 (52.9)  
>9 20 (9.2) 10 (12.5) 10 (7.2)  
3-9 39 (17.9) 12 (15.0) 27 (19.6)  
<3 32 (14.7) 4 (5.0) 28 (20.3)  
Mode of delivery     0.006
SVD 91 (41.7) 26 (37.5) 65 (47.1)  
ELCS 60 (27.5) 19 (23.8) 41 (29.7)  
EMCS 67 (30.7) 35 (43.8) 32 (23.2)  
Admission due to post-partum complications     0.10
No 204 (93.6) 72 (90.0) 132 (95.7)  
Yes 14 (6.4) 8 (10.0) 6 (4.3)  
Sex of neonate     0.315
Male 116 (53.2) 39 (48.8) 77 (55.8)  
Female 102 (46.8) 41 (51.2) 61 (44.2)  
Birth weight (gr.)     0.068
<2500 14 (6.4) 2 (2.5) 12 (8.7)  
2500-4000 194 (89.0) 72 (90.0) 122 (88.4)  
>4000 10 (4.6) 6 (7.5) 4 (2.9)  
History of child morbidity     0.009
Yes 64 (29.4) 32 (40.0) 32 (23.2)  
No 154 (70.6) 48 (60.0) 106 (76.8)