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Table 7 Length of labour, pain intensity and pain experieince in women in the three clusters  # 

From: The influence of women’s fear, attitudes and beliefs of childbirth on mode and experience of birth

  Self Determiners Take it as it comes Fearful  p 
  n = 145 n = 102 n = 110  
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)  
Length of Labour (hours) ab 10.32 (11.55) 9.07 (8.87) 10.60 (11.52) 0.005
Pain Intenstity c 5.22 (1.28) 5.33 (1.22) 5.65 (1.39) 0.009
Pain Experienced d 3.71 (1.41) 3.93 (1.57) 4.11 (1.73) 0.203
  1. #Kruskall-Wallis test.
  2. aElective caesarean sections excluded.
  3. bHours.
  4. c7-point rating scale (1 = No pain at all- 7 = Worst pain imaginable).
  5. d7-point rating scale (1 = Very positive-7 = Very negative).