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Table 5 Self-rated health, birth preference and feelings about pregnancy, birth and parenting in three clusters of women at 18 -20 weeks

From: The influence of women’s fear, attitudes and beliefs of childbirth on mode and experience of birth

  Self Determiners Take it as it comes Fearful   Fearful Take it as it comes
(Reference Group)    X 2 (DF) p  Crude Odds Ratios Adjusted Odds Ratios Crude Odds Ratios Adjusted Odds Ratios
n = 192 n = 130 n = 159      
n (%) n (%) n (%)   (95% CI) (95% CI) (95% CI) (95% CI)
Self-rated physical health
Good/Very good 169 (41.1) 107 (26.2) 131 (32.1) 2.4 (2) 0.29 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref.
Less than good 23 (31.9) 21 (29.2) 28 (38.9)   1.6 (0.9-2.8) 1.8 (1.0-3.5) 1.4 (0.8-2.7) 1.8 (0.9-3.5)
Self-rated emotional health
Good/Very good 181 (41.8) 117 (27.0) 135 ( 31.2) 7.8 (2) 0.02 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref.
Less than good 11 (23.9) 12 (26.1) 23 (50.0)   2.8 (1.3-6.0)** 3.3 (1.5-7.3)* 1.7 (0.7-4.0) 1.9 (0.7-4.6)
Vaginal birth 172 (41.4) 116 (27.9) 127 (30.6) 10.8 (2) 0.005 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref.
Caesarean section 16 (29.1) 10 (18.2) 29 (52.7)   3.5 (1.3-4.7)** 3.3 (1.6 -6.8) *** 0.9 (0.4-2.1) 1.1 (0.4 -2.5)
Feelings about being pregnant
Positive 183 (41.2) 120 (27.0) 141 (31.8) 7.9 (2) 0.02 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref.
Less than positive 7 (21.2) 8 (24.2) 18 (54.5)   3.3 (1.4-8.2)* 3.6 (1.4-9.0)** 1.7 (0.6-5.0) 1.6 (0.5-4.6)
Feelings about the approaching birth
Positive 139 ( 48.6) 101 (35.3) 46 (16.1) 92.8 (2) 0.001 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref.
Less than positive 53 (27.5) 28 (14.5) 112 (58.0)   6.4 (4.0-10.0)*** 7.2 (4.4-12.0)*** 0.7 (0.4-1.2) 0.8 (0.5-1.4)
Feelings about the first week with a newborn
Positive 165 (43.4) 98 (25.8) 117 (30.1 ) 9.1 (2) 0.010 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref. 1.0 ref.
Less than positive 27 (27.0) 31 (31.0) 42 (42.0)   2.2 (1.3-3.8)** 2.0 (1.2-3.6)* 2.0 (1.1-3.4)* 1.6 (0.9-3.0)
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01,***p < 0.001.
  2. Adjusted for age, country, education, and parity.