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Table 4 Multivariable analysis of depression (global CES-D dichotomised at a cut-off value of 16)

From: Long-term impact of intrauterine fetal death on quality of life and depression: a case–control study

  Univariable Multivariable
OR 95% CI P value aOR 95% CI Pvalue
Case (ref: control) 1.11 0.60–2.03 .747 0.77 0.37–1.57 .465
Age in 2008 (yr) 1.00 0.95–1.05 .944 1.01 0.96–1.07 .692
Primary, secondary, high school (ref: 1–5 year postsecondary education) 1.51 0.72–3.18 .280    
>5 year postsecondary school (ref: 1–5 year postsecondary education) 0.77 0.40–1.50 .447    
Household income ≥750 000 NOK (ref: <750 000 NOK) 0.34 0.19–0.60 <.001 0.41 0.21–0.77 .006
Overweight ≥25 (ref: BMI <25) 1.14 0.64–2.03 .648    
Daily smoker (ref: not daily smoker) 2.40 1.12–5.17 .025    
Alcohol consumption, more than once per week (ref: once a week or less) 0.83 0.46–1.48 .526    
Co-morbidity 1.40 1.13–1.73 .002    
Pain (ref: no pain) 3.01 1.55–5.84 .001    
Sick leave two weeks or more (ref: <2 weeks) 2.88 1.53–5.42 .001    
Often or always physically exhausted from work (ref: never/rarely) 3.71 2.03–6.78 <.001 2.34 1.18–4.63 .015
Often or always mentally exhausted from work (ref: never/rarely) 2.35 1.28–4.31 .006    
Poor health (ref: good) 10.23 4.18–25.02 <.001 6.13 2.11–17.77 .001
Miscarriage (ref: no- miscarriage) 0.70 0.38–1.31 .264    
  1. CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio; aOR, adjusted odds ratio; NOK, norwegian kroner (100 NOK = ~13 euros).
  2. Interaction is not present in the model.