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Table 3 Multivariable analysis of quality of life (global QLI)

From: Long-term impact of intrauterine fetal death on quality of life and depression: a case–control study

  Univariable Multivariable
β 95% CI Pvalue β 95% CI Pvalue
Case (ref: control) −0.73 −1.62–0.16 .108 0.17 −0.64–0.98 0.674
Age in 2008 (yr) −0.00 −0.08–0.07 .925 −0.05 −0.12–0.01 .124
Primary, secondary, high school (ref: 1–5 year postsecondary education) −0.94 −2.13–0.25 .122    
>5 year postsecondary school (ref: 1–5 year postsecondary education) 0.82 −0.08–1.71 .075    
Household income ≥750 000 NOK (ref: <750 000 NOK) 2.22 1.43–3.01 <.001 1.74 1.00–2.48 <.001
Overweight ≥25 (ref: BMI <25) −1.10 −1.94–−0.27 .010    
Daily smoker (ref: not daily smoker) −1.42 −2.74–−0.10 .035    
Alcohol consumption, more than once per week (ref: once a week or less) 0.42 −0.41–1.25 .323    
Co-morbidity −0.92 −1.25–−0.60 <.001 −0.66 −0.97–−0.35 <.001
Pain (ref: no pain) −2.90 −3.99–−1.81 <.001    
Sick leave two weeks or more (ref: <2 weeks) −2.10 −3.07–−1.14 <.001    
Often or always physically exhausted from work (ref: never/rarely) −2.74 −3.62–−1.86 <.001 −0.79 −1.70–0.12 .087
Often or always mentally exhausted from work (ref: never/rarely) −2.60 −3.37–−1.83 <.001 −1.45 −2.24–−0.65 <.001
Poor health (ref: good) −5.61 −7.17–−4.05 <.001 −3.69 −5.33–−2.04 <.001
Miscarriage (ref: no miscarriage) 0.58 −0.275–1.434 .183 0.89 0.13–1.65 .022
  1. CI, confidence interval; NOK, norwegian kroner (100 NOK = ~13 euros).
  2. Interaction is not present in the model.