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Table 3 Characteristics of non-bereaved and bereaved mothers who delivered in Mumbai, 2005-2007

From: Stillbirths and newborn deaths in slum settlements in Mumbai, India: a prospective verbal autopsy study

  Bereaved mothers Non-bereaved mothers  
  n (%) n (%) aOR 95% CI
Mean age (SD) 25.2 (4.4) 24.6 (4.4) 1.00 0.96-1.04
Education*       
None or informal 61 (33) 2337 (28) 1.00  
Primary 16 (9) 541 (6) 1.39 0.78-2.46
Secondary 98 (52) 4822 (58) 1.16 0.80-1.68
Higher 12 (6) 648 (8) 1.23 0.62-2.45
Religion       
Hindu 84 (45) 3727 (44) 1.00  
Muslim 91 (49) 4063 (49) 0.87 0.62-1.22
Other 12 (6) 565 (7) 1.00 0.53-1.90
Time living in community       
Less than 1 year 24 (13) 1243 (15) 1.00  
1-4 years 71 (38) 3581 (43) 1.07 0.66-1.72
5-10 years 50 (27) 1899 (23) 1.32 0.78-2.23
More than 10 yrs 42 (22) 1632 (19) 1.38 0.81-2.34
Socioeconomic quintile       
Lowest 44 (23) 1566 (18) 1.00  
Next to lowest 48 (26) 1667 (20) 1.00 0.65-1.53
Middle 46 (25) 1651 (20) 1.01 0.65-1.58
Next to highest 18 (10) 1735 (21) 0.39 0.22-0.70
Highest 31 (16) 1736 (21) 0.69 0.41-1.16
Parity       
1 43 (23) 2556 (30) 1.00  
2 47 (25) 2331 (28) 0.94 0.61-1.47
3 38 (20) 1575 (19) 0.98 0.59-1.63
4 28 (15) 922 (11) 1.15 0.64-2.06
5 or more 31 (17) 971 (12) 1.00 0.51-1.94
Previous stillbirth       
No 155 (83) 8073 (97) 1.00  
Yes 32 (17) 282 (3) 5.49 3.58-8.42
Antenatal consultations       
0 27 (14) 320 (4) 1.00  
1 or 2 14 (7) 351 (4) 0.44 0.22-0.88
3 or more 146 (78) 7684 (92) 0.23 0.14-0.37
Site of delivery       
Home 27 (14) 852 (10) 1.00  
Public hospital 101 (54) 4584 (55) 1.35 0.81-2.27
Private hospital 59 (32) 2919 (35) 1.29 0.75-2.22
Total number of women 187 (100) 8355 (100)   
  1. SD: standard deviation. aOR: Adjusted odds ratio for bereavement from random effects logistic regression model, including maternal age as a continuous variable, and maternal education, religion, duration of residence, socio-economic quintile, parity, previous stillbirth, antenatal care visits, and site of delivery as categorical variables.
  2. CI: confidence interval
  3. * 7 cases missing.