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Table 2 Percent distribution of CS cases by indication, according to maternal and fetal outcomes

From: Quality of caesarean delivery services and documentation in first-line referral facilities in Afghanistan: a chart review

Indication Live birth (N = 136) Maternal death (N = 27) Early neonatal death (N = 3)* Stillbirth (N = 30)**
  N % N % N % N %
All maternal indications 86 63.0 14 51.9 0 0.0 16 53.3
   Placenta praevia/abruption 18 13.3 11 40.7 0 0.0 12 40.0
   Maternal distress 3 2.2 2 7.4 0 0.0 1 3.3
   Previous scar 14 10.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
   Eclampsia/severe pre-eclampsia 7 5.2 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
   CPD/prolonged labor 43 31.9 1 3.7 0 0.0 3 10.0
   Vesico-vaginal fistula 1 0.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
All fetal indications 39 28.9 11 40.7 3 100.0 10 33.3
   Cord prolapse/presentation 1 0.7 2 7.4 0 0.0 2 6.7
   Fetal distress 19 14.1 1 3.7 1 33.3 1 3.3
   Malpresentation 18 12.9 8 29.6 2 66.6 7 23.3
   Multiple gestation 1 0.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
No information 11 8.1 2 7.4 0 0.0 4 13.3
  1. Fetal outcomes were unknown in 5 CS cases
  2. *Twins with mixed outcomes accounted for one early neonatal death; the indication was fetal distress
  3. **Twins with mixed outcomes accounted for two stillbirths; the indication for both was malpresentation