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Table 3 Causes of stillbirths and early neonatal deaths by Neonatal and Intrauterine Classification of death according to Etiology (NICE) (N=1958, birth weight500 g)

From: Causes of perinatal death at a tertiary care hospital in Northern Tanzania 2000–2010: a registry based study

   Medical referral  
All No Yes RR
Number of births 33929 27460 6469  
Identified causes n (/1000) n (/1000) n (/ 1000)  
 1. Congenital anomalies 84 (2.5) 53 (1.9) 31 (4.8) 2.5
 2. Multiple birth 156 (4.6) 110 (4.0) 46 (7.1) 1.8
 3. Maternal disease 287 (8.5) 150 (5.5) 137 (21.8) 4.0
 4. Specific fetal conditions 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04) 0 0
 5. Growth restriction 70 (2.1) 52 (1.9) 18 (2.8) 1.5
 6. Placental abruption 75 (2.1) 23 (0.8) 52 (8.0) 10.0
 7. Obstetric complications 303 (8.9) 57 (2.1) 246 (38.0) 18.1
 8. Unexplained antepartum stillbirth <37 weeks 184 (5.4) 144 (5.2) 40 (6.2) 1.2
 9. Unexplained antepartum stillbirth ≥37 weeks 219 (6.5) 173 (6.3) 46 (7.1) 1.1
 10. Specific infant conditions 33 (1.0) 29 (1.1) 4 (0.6) 0.6
 11. Unexplained asphyxia 425 (12.5) 353 (12.9) 72 (11.1) 0.9
 12. Unexplained immaturity 46 (1.4) 39 (1.4) 7 (1.1) 0.8
 13. Unexplained 75 (2.1) 69 (2.5) 6 (0.9) 0.4
Total 1958 (57.7) 1253 (45.6) 705 (109) 2.4
  1. RR =PMR medical referral/PMR non referral.