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Table 2 Main reported indications for caesarean section according to the type of CS

From: Individual and institutional determinants of caesarean section in referral hospitals in Senegal and Mali: a cross-sectional epidemiological survey

  Elective (n=1 872) Emergency (n=2 623) Intrapartum (n=12 172) Total (n=16 667)
Maternal indications n (%)     12 753 (77)
Prolonged/obstructed labour or suspected cephalopelvic disproportion 301 (16) 197 (8) 4 451 (37) 4 949 (30)
Previous caesarean section 712 (38) 320 (12) 1 209 (10) 2 241 (13)
Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia 96 (5) 717 (27) 497 (4) 1 310 (8)
Abruptio placentae n=4 422 (16) 685 (6) 1 111 (7)
Uterine rupture n=0 12 (1) 755 (6) 767 (5)
Placenta praevia 28 (2) 216 (8) 429 (3) 673 (4)
Other* 491 (26) 489 (19) 722 (6) 1 702 (10)
Foetal indications n (%)     3 914 (23)
Foetal distress 45 (2) 110 (4) 1 952 (16) 2 107 (13)
Non-cephalic presentation 83 (5) 54 (2) 1 143 (9) 1 280 (8)
Other** 112 (6) 86 (3) 329 (3) 527 (2)
  1. * Other maternal indications: post-term (1.3%), maternal request (0.7%), vaginal bleeding near full term (0.6%), post-mortem (0.3%), vaginal fistula (0.2%), genital infection (0.1%), HIV-infection (n=2), caesarean section on maternal demand (0.1%), premature rupture of membranes (n=5), not specified (7%); ** Other foetal indications: suspected intrauterine growth retardation (0.3%), not specified(2%).