Skip to main content

Table 4 The association between family income and birth outcomes by maternal nativity: Taiwan Birth Cohort Study, 2005

From: Adverse birth outcomes among native-born and foreign-born mothers in Taiwan: A population-based birth cohort study

Nativity Income Low birth weight Preterm birth
   n % OR   95% CI AORc   95% CI n % OR 95% CI AORd 95% CI
Taiwan-born <NT$30,000 131 9.7 1.00    1.00    128 9.5 1.00   1.00  
n = 17441 NT$30,000–69,999 685 7.1 0.71 *** 0.59–0.87 0.75 * 0.60–0.94 835 8.7 0.91 0.74–1.10 1.01 0.81–1.27
  NT$70,000+ 395 6.1 0.61 *** 0.50–0.75 0.59 *** 0.46–0.77 505 7.9 0.81 0.66–1.00 0.90 0.70–1.15
Foreign-born <NT$30,000 33 4.0 1.00    1.00    52 6.2 1.00   1.00  
n = 2649 NT$30,000–69,999 94 5.6 1.43   0.95–2.15 1.41   0.89–2.25 122 7.2 1.17 0.84–1.64 1.16 0.80–1.68
  NT$70,000+ 6 5.0 1.28   0.53–3.12 1.24   0.41–3.77 8 6.7 1.08 0.50–2.33 1.04 0.42–2.60
  1. *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.
  2. AORcd : Adjusted odds ratio for infant sex, birth order, maternal age, singleton, place of residence, maternal education, smoking during pregnancy, pregnancy complications, first-time prenatal care, and number of prenatal visits.
  3. 1 US dollar equaled 32.167 New Taiwan dollars in 2005 [21].