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Table 4 Characteristics of obstetric complications

From: Can hospital audit teams identify case management problems, analyse their causes, identify and implement improvements? A cross-sectional process evaluation of obstetric near-miss case reviews in Benin

Characteristic; N=67  
Type of referral; N=66* n %
emergency referral by health facility 37 56%
emergency self-referral 9 14%
subtotal: any emergency admission 46 70%
elective referral by health facility 14 21%
elective self-referral 6 9%
Type of emergency transport to hospital; N=37* Emergency referral Emergency self-referral Total
    n %
ambulance 5 1 6 16%
private car 19 3 22 59%
motorbike 7 1 8 22%
on foot 0 1 1 3%
Type of near-miss complication n %
rupture of extrauterine gravidity 6 9%
other antepartum haemorrhage 10 15%
postpartum haemorrhage 10 15%
intra-/postoperative haemorrhage 2 3%
subtotal: any NM haemorrhage 28 42%
prae-eclampsia 5 7%
eclampsia 12 18%
subtotal: any NM hypertensive disorder 17 25%
obstructed labour without uterine rupture 4 6%
obstructed labour with uterine rupture 9 13%
subtotal: any NM obstructed labour 13 19%
postabortion infection/sepsis 4 6%
postpartum infection/sepsis 2 3%
subtotal: any NM infection/sepsis 6 9%
NM anaemia 3 4%
  1. *N smaller than expected due to missing data.