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Table 2 Characteristics of hospitals

From: Can hospital audit teams identify case management problems, analyse their causes, identify and implement improvements? A cross-sectional process evaluation of obstetric near-miss case reviews in Benin

Characteristic; N=5 Hospital 1 Hospital 2 Hospital 3 Hospital 4 Hospital 5
Level National/Teaching Regional Regional District District
Ownership Government Government Government Government Private non-profit
Maternity beds (per 1000 deliveries/year) 78 (19.5) 200 (33.3) 73 (29.2) 23 (23.0) 14 (14.0)
Physicians covering maternity (per 1000 deliveries/year) 19 (4.8) 24 (4,0) 7 (2.8) 2 (2.0) 2 (2.0)
Midwives (per 1000 deliveries/year) 42 (10.5) 42 (7.0) 35 (14.0) 4 (4.0) 14 (14.0)
1 to 1 monitoring for severely ill patients* Yes Yes Yes No No
Availability of 0 Rh neg blood Sometimes Sometimes Sometimes Sometimes Sometimes
Availability of Caesarean sections Always Always Always Usually Usually
Deliveries per year 4000 6000 2500 1000 1000
Caesarean section % 32% 24% 33% 21% 15%
Availability of emergency drugs Usually Usually Usually Usually Usually
Maternal near-miss cases per 100 deliveries 10.4 7.6 22.9 8.1 8.9
Maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 life births 1200 900 3200 700 ?
Number of audits# 16 17 15 12 7
Proportion (percentage) of audits moderated by physician& 13/13 (100.0%) 1/16 (6.3%) 4/9 (44.4%) 6/8 (75%) 2/4 (50%)
  1. *: Maternity has cubicle to provide 1 to 1 monitoring for severely ill patients.
  2. #: Only audits for which case summary and audit minutes were available; N=67.
  3. &: Audits moderated by midwives otherwise; N=50 because of missing data.