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Table 3 Impacts of interventions for maternal health in quasi-experimental studies without control groups in resource limited countries

From: Maternal health interventions in resource limited countries: a systematic review of packages, impacts and factors for change

Country Interventions
(from table 1)*
Time
Interval
(years)
Odds ratio and 95% CI of EmOC services indicators
    Births in EmOC
facility
CFR CSR
Tanzania [55] 5-8 4 3.00 (1.46 - 6.18) 0.66 (0.11 - 4.04) 1.51 (0.15 - 15.46)
Ethiopia [55] 6,7,8 4 1.26 (0.15 - 10.23) 0.47 (0.16 - 1.44) 1.64 (1.50 - 1.80)
Bangladesh [56] 1,6-8,11 6 2.36 (2.33 - 2.39) 0.04 (0.03 - 0.05) 2.00 (0.37 - 10.97)
Mali [57] 2,6,8,9 3 2.78 (2.70 - 2.86) 0.48 (0.32 - 0.73) 1.09 (0.94 - 1.25)
Peru [42] 1,6,7,9,15 4 0.96 (0.91 - 1.02) 0.06 (0.00 - 34.26) 2.53 (1.93 - 3.33)
Rwanda [58] 6,7,8 4 0.94 (0.88 - 0.99) 0.56 (0.26 - 1.20) 1.59 (1.41 - 1.60)
Mozambique [59] 6,7,8,9 4 3.91 (3.80 - 4.02) 0.54 (0.35 - 0.84) -
Tanzania [60] 1 2 41 (10 - 171) -  
India [53] 6-11 15 4.13 (1.99 - 8.55) - -
Nepal [54] 1,2,5-8,11 10 2.52 (1.04 - 6.11) - -
Vietnam [61]†† 6-9,15 4 3.11 (2.53 - 3.82)
1.2 (0.99 - 1.46)
- 38 (2 - 636)
1.43 (1.02 - 1.99)
Pakistan [62] 3, 6,16 2.5 2.04 (1.83 - 2.28) - 1.44 (1.09 - 1.91)
Mozambique [63]† 7,8,9,10 3 8.61 (8.04 - 9.23) - 2.69 (2.54 - 2.85)
Senegal [38] 5-8,15 3 - 0.42 (0.09 - 1.84) 2.75 (0.27 - 27.72)
Tanzania [41] 5,6,7,8 5 - 0.32 (0.21 - 0.48) 3.83 (1.63 - 8.99)
Nigeria [43] 5,6,7,8 6 - 0.72 (0.31 - 1.66) 1.12 (1.07 - 1.17)
S Leone [64] 1,6-8,12 6 - 0.11 (0.03 - 0.36) 1.68 (1.50 - 1.87)
Nigeria [65] 2,6,7,8 4 - 0.89 (0.31 - 2.61) 17 (1 - 300)
Nigeria [44, 45] 1,2,6,7,8 6 - 0.17 (0.07 - 0.39) -
S Leone [66, 67] 1,2,5,6,9 3 - 0.43 (0.08 - 2.21) -
Nigeria [46, 47] 2,5-8,12 5 - 0.17 (0.01 - 4.74) -
  1. Note: * The numbers given to the interventions correspond to those given in table 1; CSR = caesarean section rate; CFR = case fatality rate; † Only one part of the report is included here as the program had other sites and the data were not combined. †† Had two interventional areas: a) Hai Lang district hospital and b) Hoang Hoa district hospital.