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Table 7 Overlapping multiple causes of stillbirths based on the non-hierarchical approach: antepartum and intrapartum (n = 1554)

From: Levels, timing, and etiology of stillbirths in Sylhet district of Bangladesh

Antepartum (n = 965) Overlap with   
Cause Congenital abnormality
(n = 25)
Maternal hemorrhage
(n = 101)
Maternal hypertensive disorder
(n = 90)
Maternal infections
(n = 225)
Maternal severe anemia
(n = 28)
No overlap with
other causes
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Congenital abnormality (n = 25)    1 (4.0) 2 (8.0) 5 (20.0) 1 (4.0) 17 (68.0)
Maternal hemorrhage (n = 101) 1 (1.0)    6 (5.9) 23 (22.8) 2 (2.0) 73 (72.3)
Maternal hypertensive disorder (n = 90) 2 (2.2) 6 (6.7)    21 (23.3) 6 (6.7) 59 (65.6)
Maternal infections (n = 225) 5 (2.2) 23 (10.2) 21 (9.3)    6 (2.7) 175 (77.8)
Maternal severe anemia (n = 28) 1 (3.6) 2 (7.1) 6 (21.4) 6 (21.4)    16 (57.1)
Intrapartum (n = 589) Overlap with   
Cause Congenital abnormality (n = 5) Intrapartum hypoxia (n = 322) Preterm labour (n = 67) Maternal hypertensive disorder (n = 53) Maternal infections (n = 104) No overlap with other causes
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Congenital abnormality (n = 5)    3 (0.9) 1 (1.5) 0 (0.0) 2 (1.9) 0 (0.0)
Intrapartum hypoxia (n = 322) 3 (60.0)    23 (34.3) 23 (43.4) 61 (58.7) 220 (68.3)
Preterm labour (n = 67) 1 (20.0) 23 (7.1)    3 (5.7) 7 (6.7) 36 (53.7)
Maternal hypertensive disorder (n = 53) 0 (0.0) 23 (7.1) 3 (4.5)    10 (9.6) 21 (39.6)
Maternal infections (n = 104) 2 (40.0) 61 (18.9) 7 (10.4) 10 (18.9)    32 (30.8)