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Table 3 Background characteristics of stillbirths by verbal autopsy interview status

From: Levels, timing, and etiology of stillbirths in Sylhet district of Bangladesh

  Verbal autopsy interview Chi-square
  incomplete complete test
  (n = 164) (n = 1584) p-value
  N (%) N (%)  
Sex     
   Male 108 (65.9) 892 (56.3)  
   Female 55 (33.5) 678 (42.8)  
   Missing 1 (0.6) 14 (0.9) 0.063
Maternal age     
   14-19 2 (1.2) 34 (2.1)  
   20-24 33 (20.1) 345 (21.8)  
   25-29 44 (26.8) 434 (27.4)  
   30-34 38 (23.2) 343 (21.7)  
   35-39 31 (18.9) 286 (18.1)  
   40-44 11 (6.7) 109 (6.9)  
   45+ 5 (3.0) 33 (2.1) 0.946
Maternal education     
   None 86 (52.4) 755 (47.7)  
   Primary incomplete 19 (11.6) 170 (10.7)  
   Primary complete 28 (17.1) 308 (19.4)  
   Secondary+ 31 (18.9) 351 (22.2) 0.581
Interval between VA interview and end of pregnancy (months)   
   0-11 24 (14.6) 289 (18.2)  
   12-23 47 (28.7) 445 (28.1)  
   24-35 52 (31.7) 530 (33.5)  
   36-44 41 (25.0) 320 (20.2) 0.408
Plurality     
   Singleton    1,469 (92.7)  
   Multiple births    115 (7.3)  
Delivery place     
   Home    1,253 (79.1)  
   Facility    312 (19.7)  
   On the way to a facility    9 (0.6)  
   Other    10 (0.6)  
Delivery attendant     
   None    175 (11.0)  
   Family/Relatives    167 (10.5)  
   Doctor    187 (11.8)  
   Nurse/midwife    135 (8.5)  
   Other health personnel*    24 (1.5)  
   Traditional birth attendant †    878 (55.4)  
   Quack    8 (0.5)  
   Other    10 (0.6)  
Delivery mode     
   Vaginal delivery without assistance    1,019 (64.3)  
   Vaginal delivery with manual assistance    439 (27.7)  
   Vaginal delivery with vacuum/forceps    20 (1.3)  
   cesarean section after failure of instrument    56 (3.5)  
   cesarean section    50 (3.2)  
  1. Delivery characteristics are available for those who completed the verbal autopsy interview only.
  2. *Including paramedics, family welfare visitors, health assistants, and family welfare assistants.
  3. †Including both trained and untrained traditional birth attendants