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Table 2 Composition of (daily) micronutrient, macronutrient and fatty acid interventions in studies included in the systematic review

From: Does prenatal micronutrient supplementation improve children's mental development? A systematic review

  Vit. A (mcg RAE) B1 (mg) B2(mg) B3 (mg) B6 (mg) B12 (mcg) Folic acid (mg) Vit. C (mg) Vit. D (IU) Vit. E (mg) Iron (mg) Zinc (mg) Cu (mg) I (mcg) Se (mcg) DHA (g) EPA (g)
Caulfield et al. [13]
"zinc + iron + folic acid"
- - - - - - 250 - - - 60 25 - - - - -
Caulfield et al. [13]
"iron + folic acid"
- - - - - - 250 - - - 60 - - - - - -
Dunstan et al. [31] - - - - - - - - - 12 - - - - - 2.2 1.1
Hamadani et al. [22] - - - - - - - - - - - 30 - - - - -
Helland et al. [15, 16] 1170 - - - - - - - 400 14 - - - - - 1.2 0.8
Innis & Friesen [19] - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.4 -
a,bJoos et al. [25]
"HCHP drink"
1500 1.6 1.8 20.0 1.6 2.0 - 75 400 6.7 12 - 1.0 - - - -
bJoos et al. [25]
"LCLP drink"
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * - -
cJudge et al. [17, 18] - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 -
Li et al. [26]
"MVM"
800 1.4 1.4 18 1.9 2.6 0.4 70 200 10 30 15 2.0 150 65 - -
Li et al. [26]
"iron + folic acid"
- - - - - - 0.4 - - - 60 - - - - - -
Li et al. [26]
"folic acid"
- - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - - -
Malcolm et al. [20] - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 -
dMcGrath et al. [27]
"vitamin A"
6000 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
McGrath et al. [27]
"MVM-A"
- 20 20 100 25 50 0.8 500 - 30 - - - - - - -
dMcGrath et al. [27]
"MVM+A"
6000 20 20 100 25 50 0.8 500 - 30 - - - - - - -
Parsons et al. [21] - - - - - - - - - - 20 - - - - - -
Schmidt et al. [28]
"iron + folic acid + vitamin A"
4800 - - - - - 0.5 - - - 120 - - - - - -
Schmidt et al. [28]
"iron + folic acid"
- - - - - - 0.5 - - - 120 - - - - - -
Schmidt et al. [28]
"LD iron + LD folic acid"
- - - - - - 0.25 - - - 90 - - - - - -
Tamura et al. [29] - - - - - - - - - - - 25 - - - - -
Tofail et al. [23] - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.2 1.8
eTofail et al. [24]
"food + MVM"
800 1.4 1.4 18 1.9 2.6 0.4 70 200 10 30 15 2 150 65 - -
eTofail et al. [24]
"food + Fe60"
- - - - - - 0.4 - - - 60 - - - - - -
eTofail et al. [24]
"food + Fe30"
- - - - - - 0.4 - - - 30 - - - - - -
Zhou et al. [30] - - - - - - - - - - 20 - - - - - -
  1. *Nutrient content not quantified in study protocol
  2. Additional compositions:
  3. aJoos et al. [25] - calcium 1000 mg, phosphorus 800 mg, sodium 400 mg, potassium 1.8 g, manganese 2 mg, fibre 1.1 g, 800 kcal, protein 40 g
  4. bJoos et al. [25] - additional vitamins and minerals provided by multivitamin-mineral tablet were unspecified
  5. cJudge et al. [17, 18] - 70 kcal, protein 1 g, carbohydrate 15 g
  6. dMcGrath et al. [27] - vitamin A dose provided as 30 mg beta-carotene (4500 mcg RAE) and 5000 IU (1500 mcg RAE) preformed vitamin A
  7. eTofail et al. [24] - quantity of daily protein provided by food packets was unspecified
  8. Abbreviation definitions:
  9. Vit. = vitamin
  10. B1 - Thiamine
  11. B2 - Riboflavin
  12. B3 - Niacin
  13. B6 - Pyridoxine
  14. B12 - Cobalamine
  15. Cu - Copper
  16. I - Iodine
  17. Se - Selenium