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Table 2 Odds ratio of various covariates on timing of first antenatal care visit among young women in Kenya

From: Utilization of maternal health services among young women in Kenya: Insights from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, 2003

  Panel A: Bivariate Panel B: Multivariate
  None vs (Late/Early) (None/Late) vs Early None vs (Late/Early) (None/Late) vs Early
  Col. 1 Col. 2 Col. 3 Col. 4
Place of residence (Ref: Urban)         
   Rural 0.625 ** Samea   0.747   Same  
Household wealth (Ref: Poor)         
   Medium 2.519 ** 1.053   1.310 Same  
   Rich 2.685 ** 1.516 * 1.230   Same  
Education (Ref: Primary)         
   None 0.200 ** 1.716 ** 0.244 ** 1.947 **
   Secondary+ 1.323 Same   1.101   Same  
Ethnicity (Ref: Kikuyu)         
   Luhya 0.615 * Same   0.731   Same  
   Luo 0.593 1.185   0.610 1.276  
   Kamba 0.955   Same   1.057   Same  
   Other 0.324 ** 1.044   0.664 1.080  
Parity (CEB) (Ref: 1)         
   2 0.824   Same   0.746 * Same  
   3+ 0.368 ** 0.663 0.455 ** Same  
Age at birth of last child (Ref 15-19)         
   20-24 0.940   Same   1.119   Same  
Marital status (Ref: Never married)         
   Formerly married 1.084   Same   1.515   Same  
   Currently married 1.147   Same   1.936 ** Same  
  1. p < .10; *p < .05; **p < .01
  2. aSame: The Odds ratio for None vs (Late/Early) is the same as that of (None/Late) vs Early.