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Table 3 Trends in preterm births for selected countries

From: Global report on preterm birth and stillbirth (1 of 7): definitions, description of the burden and opportunities to improve data

  Preterm Births (Percent)  
Country Previously Reported Rates Recently Reported Rates Proportionate Change from Previous Rate
High-Income Countries    
Australia [79] 5.9 (1994) 6.6 (2003) 11.8%
Canada [19] 6.3 (1982-1983) 6.8 (1992-1994) 7.9%
Finland [80] 9.1 (1966) 5.2 (2001-2005) -42.8%
France [81] 7.9(1972) 4.0 (1988-1989) -49.4%
Israel [82] 11.5 (1986-1987) 9.4 (2003-2004) -18.3%
Japan [83] 4.1 (1980) 5.4 (2000) 24.4%
New Zealand [84] 4.3 (1980) 5.9 (1994) 37.2%
Scotland [85] 4.9 (1980-1984) 5.6 (2000-2003) 14.3%
United Kingdom 4.6 (1971-1976) [35] 6.0 (2002) [86] 30.4%
United States [87] (1990) (2005)  
   Non-Hispanic white 8.5 11.7 37.6%
   Non-Hispanic black (African American) 18.9 18.4 2.6%
   Hispanic 11.0 12.1 10.0%
   All races 10.6 12.7 19.8%
Sweden [88] 6.3 (1984) 5.6 (2001) -11.1%
Middle-Income Countries    
Brazil, Pelotas [89] 11.4 (1993) 14.7 (2004) 26.9%
Brazil, Ribeirão Preto [90] 8.0 (1978) 14.8 (1994) 85.0%
Brazil, regression based on all studies [38] 4.0 (1980s) 12.0 (2000s) 200.0%
Chile [91] 5.6 (1990) 6.0 (2000) 7.1%
China 7.5 (1981-1982) [35] 3.5 (1998) [92] -53.3%
Indonesia 18.5 (1983) [35] 14.2 (1995) [93] -23.2%
Uruguay (unpublished data) 10.1 (1986-93) 10.3 (2000-2003) 2.0%
Latin America database [39] 9.4 (1985-1990) 9.5 (1996-2003) 1.1%
Low-Income Countries    
Bangladesh 22.0 (1994-1997 [94] 16.5 (2000) [95] -33.3%
Gambia 13.5 (1976-1984) [35] 12.3 (1976-2003) [96] 0.91%
Nepal (rural) 15.8 (1990)- rural
21.8 (1990)-urban [35]
23.1 (1998-2001) [95, 97] -8.9%
Pakistan 10.2 ([98]1992-94) 15.7 (2001-02) [99] 53.9%