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Table 4 Univariable and multivariable analysis of factors associated with Apgar scores less than 7 at 5 minutes.

From: Increased incidence of glucose disorders during pregnancy is not explained by pre-pregnancy obesity in London, Canada

  Univariable Multivariable Multivariable Multivariable
   Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Type 2 Diabetes 2.99 (2.17-4.12) 2.41 (1.66-3.48) 2.40 (1.66-3.48) 1.29 (0.85-1.95)
Maternal Age (≥35 vs. <35) 1.01 (1.00 - 1.02) 1.02 (1.01-1.03) 1.02 (1.01-1.03) 1.02 (1.01-1.03)
BMI (25.0-29.9 vs. <25.0) 1.22 (1.11 - 1.35) 1.22 (1.10-1.35) 1.22 (1.10-1.35) 1.25 (1.12-1.41)
BMI: (≥30.0 vs. <25.0) 1.54 (1.38 - 1.71) 1.53 (1.36-1.71) 1.53 (1.37-1.71) 1.43 (1.25-1.63)
Parity (≥ 1 vs. 0) 0.61 (0.57 - 0.66) 0.55 (0.50-0.60) 0.55 (0.51-0.60) 0.55 (0.50-0.61)
IGT 1.87 (1.36-2.56) 1.81 (1.30-2.53) 1.81 (1.30-2.53) 1.49 (1.03-2.15)
GDM 1.50 (1.27 - 1.77) 1.25 (1.03-1.52) 1.25 (1.03-1.52) 0.95 (0.76-1.20)
Excessive Weight Gain 1.08 (0.97 - 1.21)   1.03 (0.92-1.16) 1.10 (0.85-1.95)
Gestational Hypertension 1.69 (1.51 - 1.89)    0.99 (0.85-1.16)
High Placental Ratio 1.93 (1.76 - 2.12)    1.37 (1.23-1.539)
Gestational Age 0.79 (0.78 - 0.80)    0.82 (0.81-0.84)
LGA 1.44 (1.30 - 1.59)    1.55 (1.35-1.77)
  1. Model 1 includes maternal age, body mass index (BMI), and parity.
  2. Model 2 includes Model 1 plus impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), type 2 diabetes and excessive weight gain.
  3. Model 3 includes Model 2 plus gestational hypertension, placental ratio, gestational age and large for gestational age (LGA).