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Table 3 The impact of maternal glucose disorders on maternal and fetal pregnancy outcomes.

From: Increased incidence of glucose disorders during pregnancy is not explained by pre-pregnancy obesity in London, Canada

  IGT GDM T2D Normal
  Percent or Mean Percent or Mean Percent or Mean Percent or Mean
  N = 317 N = 1342 N = 224 N = 34714
Gestational Age (weeks) 38.7 ± 1.8 38.2 ± 1.9 37.1 ± 2.4 39.0 ± 2.0
Birth Weight (g) 3462 ± 568 3442 ± 637 3533 ± 806 3415 ± 577
Placental Weight (g) 699 ± 149 714 ± 200 736 ± 206 674 ± 171
Placental Ratio 0.2095 ± 0.0340 0.2095 ± 0.0411 0.2132 ± 0.0475 0.1993 ± 0.0421
LGA 18.6% 21.8% 43.8% 11.2%
SGA 6.6% 7.2% 2.7% 8.4%
Apgar 5 Minutes <7 2.5% 2.5% 3.1% 1.6%
C/S Delivery 31.2% 35.8% 57.1% 20.2%
gestational hypertension 15.5% 15.6% 28.1% 7.5%
  1. Values are mean ± SD or number diagnosed (%). GDM, gestational diabetes mellitus; T2 D, type 2 diabetes; LGA, large for gestational age; SGA, small for gestational age; Apgar, appearance, grimace, pulse, activity, respiration; C/S, caesarean.