Skip to main content

Table 3 Item analysis - percent women provided with any message during antenatal visit, by topic and study arm

From: Antenatal counseling in maternal and newborn care: use of job aids to improve health worker performance and maternal understanding in Benin

  Intervention Arm Control Arm Difference in differences
  Pre- Post- Differ-ence (Δi ) Pre- Post- Differ-ence(Δc ) Δ i c 95% CI
No. of women (N = 686) 211 204   119 152    
Prenatal care         
   Sleep under a mosquito net 76.3 74.0 -2.3 66.4 74.3 +8.0 -10.2 (-23.8, 3.4)
   Take antimalarials 61.1 71.1 +9.9 53.8 55.3 +1.5 +8.4 (-6.4, 23.3)
   Take iron/folic supplements 79.6 75.5 -4.1 63.0 67.8 +4.7 -8.9 (-22.5, 4.7)
   Have at least 4 prenatal visits 31.8 65.7 +33.9 21.0 29.6 +8.6 +25.3 (11.2, 39.4)
   Eat more and more varied 61.6 72.5 +10.9 26.1 32.2 +6.2 +4.8 (-9.5,19.0)
Birth Preparedness         
   Identify place of delivery 62.6 85.3 +22.7 47.1 45.4 -1.7 +24.4 (10.3, 38.5)
   Identify means of transport 56.4 86.8 +30.4 37.8 39.5 +1.7 +28.7 (14.8, 42.6)
   Identified skilled attendant 32.2 71.6 +39.3 28.6 25.0 -3.6 +42.9 (28.9, 56.9)
   Put money aside 73.0 84.3 +11.3 42.0 41.4 -0.6 +11.9 (-1.8, 25.6)
   Plan for emergency 40.3 80.9 +40.6 28.6 30.3 +1.7 +38.9 (25.0, 52.8)
   Plan with family 70.1 84.3 +14.2 47.1 48.7 +1.6 +12.5 (-1.4, 26.4)
   Identify a blood donor 50.7 68.6 +17.9 30.3 28.3 -2.0 +19.9    (5.3, 34.4)
Danger signs during pregnancy         
   Vaginal bleeding 51.2 71.1 +19.9 27.7 32.9 +5.2 +14.7 (0.2, 29.3)
   Convulsions 15.2 53.9 +38.7 4.2 7.9 +3.7 +35.0 (23.6, 46.5)
   Fever 53.1 71.6 +18.5 32.7 32.2 -0.5 +19.0 (4.4, 33.6)
   Water loss 49.8 71.6 +21.8 21.8 28.3 +6.4 +15.4 (1.1, 29.6)
   Abdominal pains 50.2 72.5 +22.3 28.6 28.3 -0.3 +22.6 (8.2, 37.0)
   Severe headaches 36.0 68.1 +32.1 21.8 25.0 +3.2 +29.0 (14.9, 43.0)
   Blurred vision 23.2 66.1 +43.0 15.1 14.5 -0.6 +43.6 (30.8, 56.4)
   Swelling of limbs 35.1 57.4 +22.3 14.3 13.8 -0.5 +22.8 (9.3, 36.2)
   Diminished fetal movement 29.9 57.4 +27.5 10.1 18.4 +8.3 +19.2 (5.8, 32.5)
Clean Delivery         
   Bring plastic cloth 27.5 66.7 +39.2 0.8 2.6 +1.8 +37.4 (26.1, 48.7)
   Bring 5 clean towels 65.9 81.9 +16.0 18.5 21.1 +2.6 +13.4 (0.4, 26.4)
Immediate newborn carea         
   Skin-to-skin contact 21.5 46.7 +25.1 4.4 5.7 +1.3 +23.8 (8.2, 39.3)
   Initiation of immediate BF 20.8 58.3 +37.6 5.9 11.5 +5.6 +32.0 (15.9, 48.0)
   Avoid prelacteal foods/exclusive BF 9.2 55.0 +45.8 5.9 10.3 +4.4 +41.3 (26.7, 55.9)
   Delayed bathing 3.1 41.7 +38.6 2.9 2.3 +0.6 +39.2 (27.0, 51.5)
   Clean cord care 4.6 37.5 +32.9 1.5 5.7 +4.2 +28.6 (15.9, 41.3)
   Thermal protection 19.2 48.3 +29.1 2.9 8.0 +5.1 +24.0 (8.6, 39.4)
Communication Technique         
   Presents the subject 72.5 98.5 +26.0 73.1 81.6 +8.5 +17.5 (6.3, 28.8)
   Poses questions to determine current knowledge of pregnant woman 61.1 99.0 +37.9 54.6 59.9 +5.2 +32.6 (19.8, 45.5)
   Uses cards or other visual aids 28.4 99.5 +71.1 16.8 19.7 +2.9 +68.1 (57.3, 79.0)
   Verifies understanding 55.0 98.5 +43.6 52.9 61.8 +8.9 +34.7 (21.7, 47.6)
   Motivates to adapt behaviors 69.2 96.1 +26.9 26.9 38.2 +11.2 +15.6 (3.1, 28.1)
   Asks woman if she has questions 72.0 97.1 +25.0 50.4 59.2 +8.8 +16.2 (3.6, 28.9)
  1. [a] Includes only women at 6 - 9 months of pregnancy.