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Table 1 Characteristics of study sample

From: Antenatal counseling in maternal and newborn care: use of job aids to improve health worker performance and maternal understanding in Benin

  Total Intervention Arm   Control Arm
   Pre- Post-   Pre- Post-
Study Population       
   Number of sites 14 7 7   7 7
   Total number of observations 686 211 204   119 152
   Total number of providers 55 20 21   25 25
Counseled only at baseline 9 5 0   4 0
Counseled only at endline 10 0 6   0 4
Counseled at baseline + endline 36 15 15   21 21
   Group and individual counseling (%) 55.7 58.2 79.9   35.9 33.6
   Group counseling only (%) 1.3 0 4.4   0 0.7
   Individual counseling only (%) 43.0 41.8 15.7   64.1 65.8
Provider Characteristics       
   Skilled provider type (%) 86.5 83.3 95.2   92.0 87.5
   Mean age (yrs) 34.6 35.3 33.6   34.4 34.2
   Completed secondary education (%) 96.2 100 100   100 92
   Years working in health field (yrs) 9.7 11.1 10.1   8.5 8.2
   Years working at health center (yrs) 4.1 4.8 4.6   2.9 3.7
Patient Characteristics       
   Mean age (yrs) 25.8 25.6 25.4   26.0 26.6
   Mean gestational age (months) 5.9 5.9 6.0   5.9 5.8
   Educational status (%, > 8 yrs) 52.9 60.0 52.0   52.9 44.1
   1st prenatal visit (in current pregnancy) 30.0 28.4 23.5   36.1 36.2
   Mean no. of ANC visits (in current pregnancy) 2.6 2.8 2.8   2.5 2.4
   Mean number of living children 1.7 1.6 1.6   1.8 1.9