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Table 2 Treatments for shock and hemorrhage administered during two study phases (N = 1442)

From: Obstetric hemorrhage and shock management: using the low technology Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment in Nigerian and Egyptian tertiary care facilities

Treatment Pre-intervention N = 607 NASG N = 835 p value
Any uterotonics administered* 217 (96.9) 345 (97.7) 0.60+
≥1500 mL IV fluids within 1st hour 491 (81.2) 548 (65.6) <0.001
≥1500 mL IV fluids within 2nd hour 531 (87.5) 723 (86.6) 0.62
Blood transfusion within 1st hour 438 (72.2) 509 (61.0) <0.001
Blood transfusion anytime after study admission 566 (93.3) 785 (94.0) 0.56
Minutes from study admission to 1st blood transfusion §    
   Mean (SD) 119.1 (326.7) 117.5 (281.5) --
   Median (IQR) 35 (29-59) 33 (28-110) 0.48
  1. NASG = non-pneumatic anti-shock garment. Data are n (column%). The denominator is the entire population, unless otherwise noted.
  2. *Of women with uterine atony as primary or secondary diagnosis. Data are for 578 cases.
  3. +Fisher's Exact test used.
  4. The protocol was for 1500 mL to be administered in the first hour of resuscitation, however, in some cases only 1000 mL were administered in the first hour, while the remaining 500 mL were administered in the second hour. By the end of the second hour after study admission, n = 531 (87.5%) in the pre-intervention phase and n = 723 (86.6%) had received the protocol.
  5. § Data for 104 patients missing (39 pre-intervention and 65 in intervention phase).