Skip to main content

Table 2 Bivariable analysis of independent variables associated with male attendance of skilled ANC

From: Male partner attendance of skilled antenatal care in peri-urban Gulu district, Northern Uganda

Independent Variable    Unadjusted  
  Attended Freq, N = 331(%) Total PRR (95% CI) p-value
Age      
   15 - 24 41(65.0) 63 1   
   25 - 34 94(63.9) 147 0.98 (1.78 - 1.22) 0.875
   35 - 44 58(65.9) 88 1.01 (0.80 - 1.28) 0.916
   ≥ 45 22(70.9) 31 1.09 (0.81 - 1.45) 0.557
School education     
   ≤ Primary 133(62.1) 214 1   
   ≥Secondary 78 (76.4) 102 1.25 (1.08 - 1.46) 0.003**
Residence      
   Semi-urban 131(65.5) 200 1   
   Urban 83(65.8) 126 1.00 (0.86 - 1.18) 0.945
Household size     
   ≤ 4 72 (64.2) 112 1   
   > 4 142 (65.7) 216 1.02 (0.86 - 1.21) 0.795
Marital status      
   Never married 63(56.2) 112 1   
   Married 142(71.0) 200 1.26 (1.04 - 1.52) 0.014*
   Not married 10(58.8) 17 1.04 (0.67 - 1.60) 0.839
Type of marriage     
   Monogamous 182 (66.9) 272 1   
   Polygamous 33 (60.0) 55 0.89 (0.71 - 1.13) 0.356
Occupation      
   Manual worker 185(64.6) 286 1   
   Sales 15 (78.9) 19 1.22 (0.95 - 1.56) 0.115
   Professionala 14 (63.6) 22 0.98 (0.70 - 1.36) 0.922
Reported distance to nearest health facility    
   ≤ 5 KM 178 (67.7) 263 1   
   > 5 KM 37 (56.0) 66 0.82 (0.65 - 1.04) 0.108
Main sources of health information    
Radio      
   No 47(22.1) 75 1   
   Yes 166(77.9) 252 1.05 (0.86 - 1.27) 0.618
VHT member      
   No 136(63.8) 218 1   
   Yes 77(36.2) 109 1.13 (0.96 - 1.32) 0.126
Health worker at facility     
   No 115(54.0) 189 1   
   Yes 98(46.0) 138 1.16 (0.99 - 1.36) 0.053
Community campaign     
   No 183(85.9) 263 1   
   Yes 30(14.1) 64 0.67 (0.51 - 0.88) 0.005**
Knowledge about services offered at ANC    
   ≤ 2 services 57(35.2) 162 1   
   3-5 services 158(95.8) 165 2.72 (2.20 - 3.36) 0.000***
Duration since spouse last carried complete pregnancy   
   ≤ 1 year 38 (80.9) 47 1   
   >1 year 177 (62.8) 282 0.77 (0.65 - 0.91) 0.003**
Last delivery of spouse was at health facility    
   No 28 (48.3) 58 1   
   Yes 187 (69.0) 271 1.42 (1.08 - 1.88) 0.012*
Intends spouse to carry another pregnancy    
   No 35 (76.1) 46 1   
   Yes 177 (63.7) 276 0.83 (0.69 - 1.00) 0.059
Would attend ANC in subsequent pregnancy    
   No 09(4.3) 20 1   
   Yes 199(95.7) 295 1.43 (0.99 - 2.06) 0.054
Monitoring Feotal growth as perceived benefit   
   No 131(62.4) 209 1   
   Yes 79(37.6) 107 1.20 (1.03-1.40) 0.018*
Walking distance > 1 hour to health facility as perceived barrier   
   No 145(70.4) 199 1   
   Yes 61(29.6) 102 0.88 (0.73 - 1.05) 0.176
  1. *Statistically significant at p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001 aProfessional occupation includes teacher, health worker and engineer