# Table 4 Midwives and obstetricians definitions of early and late cord clamping

Midwives
n = 1297 (%)
Obstetricians n = 926 (%)
term preterm term preterm
How would you define early clamping?
after 1-10 seconds 362 (28) 395 (30) 359 (39) 301 (33)
11-20 seconds 118 (9) 98 (8) 108 (12) 119 (13)
21-30 seconds 212 (16) 187 (14) 177 (17) 187 (20)
31-60 seconds 245 (19) 156 (12) 136 (19) 153 (17)
1-5 minutes 69 (5) 5 (< 1) 15 (2) 21 (2)
> 5 minutes 12 (1) 29 (2) 5 (< 1) 4 (< 1)
other *34 (3) **43 (3) - - - -
no response 245 (19) 384 (30) 126 (14) 141 (15)
How would you define late clamping?
after 1-30 seconds 17 (1) 68 (5) 90 (10) 89 (10)
31-60 seconds 59 (5) 124 (10) 199 (21) 194 (21)
1-2 minutes 42 (3) 72 (6) 100 (11) 126 (14)
2-3 minutes 41 (3) 8 (< 1) 16 (2) 19 (2)
3-5 minutes 40 (3) 67 (5) 24 (2) 34 (4)
> 5 minutes 49 (4) 24 (2) 15 (2) 10 (1)
After cessation of pulsation 895 (69) 508 (39) 356 (38) 309 (33)
other 6 (< 1) ††11 (1) - - - -
no response 148 (11) 415 (31) 126 (14) 145 (16)
1. * after cessation n = 1, after cessation of pulsation and variable n = 33
2. ** before delivery of placenta n = 2, not applicable for preterm births n = 32, varies n = 9
3. varies n = 5, before delivery of placenta n = 1.
4. †† varies n = 10, after delivery of placenta n = 1