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Table 4 Pregnancy, labour and birth outcomes by group.

From: Assisting informed decision making for labour analgesia: a randomised controlled trial of a decision aid for labour analgesia versus a pamphlet

Pregnancy and birth outcomes Decision aid group
(n = 395)
n (%)
Pamphlet group
(n = 201)
n (%)
p-value
Labour    
   Spontaneous 225 (63) 119 (68)  
   Induced 115 (32) 42 (24)  
   No Labour 15 (4) 11 (6) 0.97
Mode of delivery    
   Vaginal (non-instrumental) 201 (57) 97 (56)  
   Instrumental delivery 72 (20) 34 (19)  
   Caesarean section 82 (23) 41 (24) 0.97
Analgesia use    
   Support person 65.3% 59.7% 0.18
   Bath use 36.2% 32.3% 0.35
   Epidural use 33.7% 32.8% 0.84
Birth weight (grams) (mean, SD) 3445 (451) 3512 (450) 0.11
Apgar scores > 7 at    
   1 minute 221 (82) 149 (75) 0.12
   5 minutes 351 (90) 167 (84) 0.68
  1. Per cent may not add up to 100 due to missing values.