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Table 4 Mode of delivery in relation to incontinence and dyspaneuria

From: Achieving sustainable quality in maternity services – using audit of incontinence and dyspareunia to identify shortfalls in meeting standards

  Ventouse
(n = 71
Forceps
(n = 29)
Emergency Section
(n = 76)
Elective Section
(n = 22)
Normal Delivery*
(n = 189)
Normal Delivery (Intact Perineum)*
(n = 75)
All Deliveries
(n = 470)
Urinary Incontinence        
Ante-natally 10/70
(14%)
4//25
(14%)
19/73
(26%)
3/20
(15%)
23/182
(13%)
15/73
(20%)
74/456
(16%)
At six weeks 44/60
(73%)
16/25
(64%)
19/54
(35%)
5/16
(31%)
89/156
(57%)
33/57
(58%)
210/377
(56%)
9–14 months 25/60
(42%)
11/25
(44%)
11/55
(20%)
4/17
(24%)
59158
(37%)
20/58
(35%)
133/382
(35%)
Faecal Incontinence        
Ante-natally 0/70
(0%)
0/28
(0%)
3/74
(4%)
0/20
(0%)
4/182
(2%)
1/72
(1%)
8/447
(2%)
At six weeks 8/70
(11%)
5/28
(18%)
4/71
(6%)
2/20
(10%)
11/175
(6%)
3/70
(4%)
33/443
(7%)
9–14 months 5/70
(7%)
2/28
(7%)
3/71
(4%)
1/20
(5%)
5/177
(3%)
1/71
(1%)
17/446
(4%)
Dyspareunia        
Ante-natally 13/66
(20%)
6/27
(22%)
19/68
(28%)
3/19
(16%)
32/180
(18%)
10/71
(14%)
86/354
(24%)
At six weeks 32/43
(74%)
16/21
(77%)
19/46
(41%)
5/12
(42%)
82/131
(63%)
35/56
(62%)
192/314
(61%)
9–14 months 17/52
(33%)
9/20
(45%)
9/48
(19%)
3/15
(20%)
40/146
(27%)
22/60
(37%)
102/347
(29%)