Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

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  1. Research article

    Utilization of HIV testing services among pregnant mothers in low income primary care settings in northern Ethiopia: a cross sectional study

    HIV testing of women in child bearing age is an entry point for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT). This study aims to identify the proportion of women tested for HIV and to determine factor...

    Yihun Mulugeta Alemu, Fentie Ambaw and Annelies Wilder-Smith

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:199

    Published on: 24 June 2017

  2. Research article

    Evaluation of a low-cost, low-power syringe pump to deliver magnesium sulfate intravenously to pre-eclamptic women in a Malawian referral hospital

    Magnesium sulfate is an affordable and effective treatment for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. In settings where infusion pumps are not available to regulate the flow rate of intravenous delivery, healthcare prov...

    Erica Skerrett, Edward Kommwa, Kelley Maynard, Alexa Juarez, Ronald Mataya, Rebecca Richards-Kortum and Z. Maria Oden

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:191

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  3. Research article

    Validating the WHO maternal near miss tool: comparing high- and low-resource settings

    WHO proposed the WHO Maternal Near Miss (MNM) tool, classifying women according to several (potentially) life-threatening conditions, to monitor and improve quality of obstetric care. The objective of this stu...

    Tom Witteveen, Hans Bezstarosti, Ilona de Koning, Ellen Nelissen, Kitty W. Bloemenkamp, Jos van Roosmalen and Thomas van den Akker

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:194

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  4. Research article

    An exploratory study of men’s companionship, perceptions and experiences during pregnancy and delivery in Uganda

    Globally, low involvement of men in maternal health care services remains a problem to health care providers and policy makers. Men’s support is essential for making women’s world better. There are increasing ...

    H. Lwanga, L. Atuyambe, H. Sempewo, A. Lumala and R. N. B. Byaruhanga

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:196

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  5. Research article

    The experiences of women with maternal near miss and their perception of quality of care in Kelantan, Malaysia: a qualitative study

    Maternal mortality has been the main way of ascertaining the outcome of maternal and obstetric care. However, maternal morbidities occur more frequently than maternal deaths; therefore, maternal near miss was ...

    Mohd Noor Norhayati, Nik Hussain Nik Hazlina, Ab Razak Asrenee and Zaharah Sulaiman

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:189

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  6. Technical advance

    A novel tamponade agent for management of post partum hemorrhage: adaptation of the Xstat mini-sponge applicator for obstetric use

    Although uterine tamponade is an effective treatment for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), current methods have key limitations in their use, particularly in low resource settings. The XStat™ Mini Sponge Dressing (...

    Maria I. Rodriguez, Jeffrey T. Jensen, Kenton Gregory, Mary Bullard, Paul Longo, Jerry Heidel and Alison Edelman

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:187

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  7. Research article

    Non-malarial infectious diseases of antenatal care in pregnant women in Franceville, Gabon

    In sub-tropical countries, infectious diseases remain one of the main causes of mortality. Because of their lack of active immunity, pregnant women and their unborn children represent the most susceptible peop...

    Irene Pegha Moukandja, Edgard Brice Ngoungou, Guy Joseph Lemamy, Ulrick Bisvigou, Antoine Gessain, Fousseyni S. Toure Ndouo, Mirdad Kazanji and Jean Bernard Lekana-Douki

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:185

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  8. Research article

    Associations between perceptions of care and women’s childbirth experience: a population-based cross-sectional study in Rwanda

    In recent years Rwanda has achieved remarkable improvement in quality of maternity care services but there is evidence of deficiencies in care quality in terms of disrespectful care. Women’s overall childbirth...

    Judith U. Mukamurigo, Marie Berg, Joseph Ntaganira, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye and Anna Dencker

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:181

    Published on: 9 June 2017

  9. Research article

    Functionality and acceptability of a wireless fetal heart rate monitoring device in term pregnant women in rural Southwestern Uganda

    Over 3 million stillbirths occur annually in sub Saharan Africa; most occur intrapartum and are largely preventable. The standard of care for fetal heart rate (FHR) assessment in most sub-Saharan African setti...

    Godfrey R Mugyenyi, Esther C Atukunda, Joseph Ngonzi, Adeline Boatin, Blair J. Wylie and Jessica E. Haberer

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:178

    Published on: 8 June 2017

  10. Research article

    Evaluation of obstetricians’ surgical decision making in the management of uterine rupture

    Uterine rupture is an obstetric calamity with surgery as its management mainstay. Uterine repair without tubal ligation leaves a uterus that is more prone to repeat rupture while uterine repair with bilateral ...

    Justus Ndulue Eze, Okechukwu Bonaventure Anozie, Osaheni Lucky Lawani, Emmanuel Okechukwu Ndukwe, Uzoma Maryrose Agwu and Johnson Akuma Obuna

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:179

    Published on: 8 June 2017

  11. Research article

    The magnitude and correlates of Parvovirus B19 infection among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Mwanza, Tanzania

    Human parvovirus B19 (B19) infection has been associated with congenital infection which may result into a number of the adverse pregnancy outcomes. The epidemiology and the magnitude of B19 infections among p...

    Mariam M. Mirambo, Fatma Maliki, Mtebe Majigo, Martha F. Mushi, Nyambura Moremi, Jeremiah Seni, Dismas Matovelo and Stephen E. Mshana

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:176

    Published on: 7 June 2017

  12. Research article

    Labour management guidelines for a Tanzanian referral hospital: The participatory development process and birth attendants’ perceptions

    While international guidelines for intrapartum care appear to have increased rapidly since 2000, literature suggests that it has only in few instances been matched with reviews of local modifications, use, and...

    Nanna Maaløe, Natasha Housseine, Jos van Roosmalen, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, Britt Pinkowski Tersbøl, Rashid Saleh Khamis, Birgitte Bruun Nielsen and Tarek Meguid

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:175

    Published on: 7 June 2017

  13. Research article

    Prevalence of pregnancy-relevant infections in a rural setting of Ghana

    Although infectious diseases still account for a high burden of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa, simultaneous investigations on multiple infections affecting maternal and child health are missing.

    Fabian Völker, Paul Cooper, Oliver Bader, Angela Uy, Ortrud Zimmermann, Raimond Lugert and Uwe Groß

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:172

    Published on: 6 June 2017

  14. Research article

    Prescription drug use during pregnancy in Southern Tigray region, North Ethiopia

    Judicious utilization of drugs rescues the fetus from the harmful effects while treating the health problems of the pregnant women. This study aimed at evaluating drug utilization pattern and its associated fa...

    Fantahun Molla, Admassu Assen, Solomon Abrha, Birhanetensay Masresha, Arega Gashaw, Abrham Wondimu, Yared Belete and Wondim Melkam

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:170

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  15. Research article

    Postpartum hemorrhage prevention in Nepal: a program assessment

    In 2009, the Nepal Ministry of Health and Population launched a national program for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) during home births that features advance distribution of misoprostol to pregnant w...

    Swaraj Pradhan Rajbhandari, Kamal Aryal, Wendy R. Sheldon, Bharat Ban, Senendra Raj Upreti, Kiran Regmi, Shilu Aryal and Beverly Winikoff

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:169

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  16. Research article

    Healthcare interventions for the prevention and control of gestational diabetes mellitus in China: a scoping review

    Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a type of diabetes which occurs during pregnancy. Women with GDM are at greater risk of complications during pregnancy and delivery, while babies born from mothers with G...

    Tingting Xu, Yasheng He, Livia Dainelli, Kai Yu, Patrick Detzel, Irma Silva-Zolezzi, Sheri Volger and Hai Fang

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:171

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  17. Research article

    High maternal mortality in Jigawa State, Northern Nigeria estimated using the sisterhood method

    Maternal mortality is extremely high in Nigeria. Accurate estimation of maternal mortality is challenging in low-income settings such as Nigeria where vital registration is incomplete. The objective of this st...

    Vandana Sharma, Willa Brown, Muhammad Abdullahi Kainuwa, Jessica Leight and Martina Bjorkman Nyqvist

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:163

    Published on: 2 June 2017

  18. Research article

    Uterus preserving surgery versus hysterectomy in the treatment of refractory postpartum haemorrhage in two tertiary maternity units in Cameroon: a cohort analysis of perioperative outcomes

    Little evidence exists on the efficacy and safety of the different surgical techniques used in the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). We aimed to compare uterus preserving surgery (UPS) versus hysterec...

    Julius Sama Dohbit, Pascal Foumane, Elie Nkwabong, Christelle Ogolong Kamouko, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Bernard Otabela and Emile Mboudou

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:158

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  19. Research article

    Maternal care quality in near miss and maternal mortality in an academic public tertiary hospital in Yogyakarta, Indonesia: a retrospective cohort study

    Reducing maternal mortality remains a major challenge for health care systems worldwide. The factors related to maternal mortality were extensively researched, and maternal death clusters around labour, delive...

    Yuli Mawarti, Adi Utarini and Mohammad Hakimi

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:149

    Published on: 22 May 2017

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