Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

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  1. Research article

    Assessing emergency obstetric and newborn care: can performance indicators capture health system weaknesses?

    Regular monitoring and assessment of performance indicators for emergency obstetric and newborn care can help to identify priorities to improve health services for women and newborns. The aim of this study was...

    Andrea Solnes Miltenburg, Richard Forget Kiritta, Thabea Benedicto Bishanga, Jos van Roosmalen and Jelle Stekelenburg

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:92

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Case review of perinatal deaths at hospitals in Kigali, Rwanda: perinatal audit with application of a three-delays analysis

    Perinatal audit and the three-delays model are increasingly being employed to analyse barriers to perinatal health, at both community and facility level. Using these approaches, our aim was to assess factors t...

    Aimable Musafili, Lars-Åke Persson, Cyprien Baribwira, Jessica Påfs, Patrick Adam Mulindwa and Birgitta Essén

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:85

    Published on: 11 March 2017

  3. Research article

    Antepartum complications and perinatal mortality in rural Bangladesh

    Despite impressive improvements in maternal survival throughout the world, rates of antepartum complications remain high. These conditions also contribute to high rates of perinatal deaths, which include still...

    Rasheda Khanam, Saifuddin Ahmed, Andreea A. Creanga, Nazma Begum, Alain K. Koffi, Arif Mahmud, Heather Rosen and Abdullah H. Baqui

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:81

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Option B+ for prevention of vertical HIV transmission has no influence on adverse birth outcomes in a cross-sectional cohort in Western Uganda

    While most Sub-Saharan African countries are now implementing the WHO-recommended Option B+ protocol for prevention of vertical HIV transmission, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the influence of Option ...

    Eva M. Rempis, Alexandra Schnack, Sarah Decker, Vera Braun, John Rubaihayo, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Priscilla Busingye, Gundel Harms and Stefanie Theuring

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:82

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  5. Research article

    A decade of progress providing safe abortion services in Ethiopia: results of national assessments in 2008 and 2014

    Ethiopia has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world (420 per 100,000 live births in 2013), and unsafe abortion continues to be one of the major causes. To reduce deaths and disabilities from...

    Yohannes Dibaba, Sally Dijkerman, Tamara Fetters, Ann Moore, Hailemichael Gebreselassie, Yirgu Gebrehiwot and Janie Benson

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:76

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  6. Research article

    Impact of the roll out of comprehensive emergency obstetric care on institutional birth rate in rural Nepal

    Increasing institutional births rates and improving access to comprehensive emergency obstetric care are central strategies for reducing maternal and neonatal deaths globally. While some studies show women con...

    Sheela Maru, Alex Harsha Bangura, Pooja Mehta, Deepak Bista, Lynn Borgatta, Sami Pande, David Citrin, Sumesh Khanal, Amrit Banstola and Duncan Maru

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:77

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  7. Research article

    Factors associated with low birth weight in Nepal using multiple imputation

    Survey data from low income countries on birth weight usually pose a persistent problem. The studies conducted on birth weight have acknowledged missing data on birth weight, but they are not included in the a...

    Usha Singh, Attachai Ueranantasun and Metta Kuning

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:67

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  8. Research article

    Factors influencing utilisation of maternal health services by adolescent mothers in Low-and middle-income countries: a systematic review

    Adolescent mothers aged 15–19 years are known to have greater risks of maternal morbidity and mortality compared with women aged 20–24 years, mostly due to their unique biological, sociological and economic st...

    Oluwasola Eniola Banke-Thomas, Aduragbemi Oluwabusayo Banke-Thomas and Charles Anawo Ameh

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:65

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  9. Research article

    Afghan migrants face more suboptimal care than natives: a maternal near-miss audit study at university hospitals in Tehran, Iran

    Women from low-income settings have higher risk of maternal near miss (MNM) and suboptimal care than natives in high-income countries. Iran is the second largest host country for Afghan refugees in the world. ...

    Soheila Mohammadi, Soraya Saleh Gargari, Masoumeh Fallahian, Carina Källestål, Shirin Ziaei and Birgitta Essén

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:64

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  10. Research article

    Caesarean deliveries in China

    The caesarean section rate has risen rapidly in China. The purpose of this retrospective study was to estimate caesarean section rates and indications by hospital facility level in Mainland China to investigat...

    Xin Wang, Susan Hellerstein, Lei Hou, Liying Zou, Yan Ruan and Weiyuan Zhang

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:54

    Published on: 6 February 2017

  11. Research article

    Unpredictability dictates quality of maternal and newborn care provision in rural Tanzania-A qualitative study of health workers’ perspectives

    Health workers are the key to realising the potential of improved quality of care for mothers and newborns in the weak health systems of Sub Saharan Africa. Their perspectives are fundamental to understand the...

    Ulrika Baker, Farida Hassan, Claudia Hanson, Fatuma Manzi, Tanya Marchant, Stefan Swartling Peterson and Ingrid Hylander

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:55

    Published on: 6 February 2017

  12. Study protocol

    The effectiveness of introducing Group Prenatal Care (GPC) in selected health facilities in a district of Bangladesh: study protocol

    Despite high rates of antenatal care and relatively good access to health facilities, maternal and neonatal mortality remain high in Bangladesh. There is an immediate need for implementation of evidence-based,...

    Marufa Sultana, Rashidul Alam Mahumud, Nausad Ali, Sayem Ahmed, Ziaul Islam, Jahangir A. M. Khan and Abdur Razzaque Sarker

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:48

    Published on: 31 January 2017

  13. Research article

    Rapid reduction of maternal mortality in Uganda and Zambia through the saving mothers, giving life initiative: results of year 1 evaluation

    Achieving maternal mortality reduction as a development goal remains a major challenge in most low-resource countries. Saving Mothers, Giving Life (SMGL) is a multi-partner initiative designed to reduce matern...

    Florina Serbanescu, Howard I. Goldberg, Isabella Danel, Tadesse Wuhib, Lawrence Marum, Walter Obiero, James McAuley, Jane Aceng, Ewlyn Chomba, Paul W. Stupp and Claudia Morrissey Conlon

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:42

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  14. Research article

    Emergency obstetric and neonatal care availability, use, and quality: a cross-sectional study in the city of Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2011

    While emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) is a proxy indicator for monitoring maternal and perinatal mortalities, in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), data on this care is rarely available. In ...

    Abel Mukengeshayi Ntambue, Françoise Kaj Malonga, Karen D. Cowgill, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet and Philippe Donnen

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:40

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  15. Research article

    Differences in spatial distributions of iron supplementation use among pregnant women and associated factors in Ethiopia: evidence from the 2011 national population based survey

    Iron supplementation during pregnancy prevents against low birth weight, incidence of prematurity and postpartum hemorrhage. However, the coverage of iron supplementation is still low in Ethiopia. This study a...

    Demewoz Haile, Lianna Tabar and Yihunie Lakew

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:33

    Published on: 14 January 2017

  16. Research article

    Assessment of quality of care among in-patients with postpartum haemorrhage and severe pre-eclampsia at st. Francis hospital nsambya: a criteria-based audit

    The maternal mortality ratio of Uganda is still high and the leading causes of maternal mortality are postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Criteria-based audit (CBA) is a way of im...

    Alfred Lumala, Peter Sekweyama, Andrew Abaasa, Humphrey Lwanga and Romano Byaruhanga

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:29

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  17. Research article

    Validity of gestational age estimates by last menstrual period and neonatal examination compared to ultrasound in Vietnam

    Accurate estimation of gestational age is important for both clinical and public health purposes. Estimates of gestational age using fetal ultrasound measurements are considered most accurate but are frequentl...

    Nicholas P. Deputy, Phuong H. Nguyen, Hoa Pham, Son Nguyen, Lynnette Neufeld, Reynaldo Martorell and Usha Ramakrishnan

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:25

    Published on: 11 January 2017

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