Pregnancy and childbirth in low and middle income countries

Section edited by Jos van Roosmalen, and Ndola Prata

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth in the developing world.

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  1. Research article

    Impact of maternal respiratory infections on low birth weight - a community based longitudinal study in an urban setting in Pakistan

    The health of mothers and their newborns is intricately related. The weight of the infant at birth is a powerful predictor of infant growth and survival, and is considered to be partly dependent on maternal he...

    Asad Ali, Umber Zaman, Sadia Mahmud, Gul-e-Shehwar Zahid, Momin Kazi, William A. Petri, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Anita Zaidi and Molly A. Hughes

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:111

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  2. Research article

    Building a research registry for studying birth complications and outcomes in six Palestinian governmental hospitals

    Electronic-health (e-health) provides opportunities for quality improvement of healthcare, but implementation in low and middle income countries is still limited. Our aim was to describe the implementation of ...

    Sahar Hassan, Ase Vikanes, Katariina Laine, Khaled Zimmo, Mohammad Zimmo, Espen Bjertness and Erik Fosse

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:112

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  3. Research article

    Factors associated with recovery from 1 minute Apgar score <4 in live, singleton, term births: an analysis of Malaysian National Obstetrics Registry data 2010–2012

    The neonatal Apgar score at 5 min has been found to be a better predictor of outcomes than the Apgar score at 1 min. A baby, however, must pass through the first minute of life to reach the fifth. There has be...

    Ravichandran Jeganathan, Shamala D. Karalasingam, Julia Hussein, Pascale Allotey and Daniel D. Reidpath

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:110

    Published on: 8 April 2017

  4. Research article

    High sero-prevalence of hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus infections among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at Temeke municipal health facilities, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: a cross sectional study

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in pregnancy is associated with direct effect of pregnancy and potential viral transmission from mother to newborn. In Tanzania very lit...

    Joel Manyahi, Yohannes Msigwa, Francis Mhimbira and Mtebe Majigo

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:109

    Published on: 7 April 2017

  5. Research article

    Manifestations and drivers of mistreatment of women during childbirth in Kenya: implications for measurement and developing interventions

    Disrespect and abuse or mistreatment of women by health care providers in maternity settings has been identified as a key deterrent to women seeking delivery care. Mistreatment includes physical and verbal abu...

    Charlotte E. Warren, Rebecca Njue, Charity Ndwiga and Timothy Abuya

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:102

    Published on: 28 March 2017

  6. Research article

    Maternal characteristics and obstetrical complications impact neonatal outcomes in Indonesia: a prospective study

    We investigated associations between maternal characteristics, access to care, and obstetrical complications including near miss status on admission or during hospitalization on perinatal outcomes among Indone...

    Trisari Anggondowati, Ayman A. E. El-Mohandes, S. Nurul Qomariyah, Michele Kiely, Judith J. Ryon, Reginald F. Gipson, Benjamin Zinner, Anhari Achadi and Linda L. Wright

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:100

    Published on: 28 March 2017

  7. Research article

    A structural equation analysis on the relationship between maternal health services utilization and newborn health outcomes: a cross-sectional study in Eastern Uganda

    Neonatal and maternal health services have a bearing on neonatal mortality. Direct and indirect factors affecting neonatal health outcomes therefore require understanding to enable well-targeted interventions....

    Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Robert Wamala, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Moses Tetui, Suzanne N. Kiwanuka, Peter Waiswa and Leonard K. Atuhaire

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:98

    Published on: 27 March 2017

  8. Research article

    Assessing emergency obstetric and newborn care: can performance indicators capture health system weaknesses?

    Regular monitoring and assessment of performance indicators for emergency obstetric and newborn care can help to identify priorities to improve health services for women and newborns. The aim of this study was...

    Andrea Solnes Miltenburg, Richard Forget Kiritta, Thabea Benedicto Bishanga, Jos van Roosmalen and Jelle Stekelenburg

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:92

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  9. Research article

    Case review of perinatal deaths at hospitals in Kigali, Rwanda: perinatal audit with application of a three-delays analysis

    Perinatal audit and the three-delays model are increasingly being employed to analyse barriers to perinatal health, at both community and facility level. Using these approaches, our aim was to assess factors t...

    Aimable Musafili, Lars-Åke Persson, Cyprien Baribwira, Jessica Påfs, Patrick Adam Mulindwa and Birgitta Essén

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:85

    Published on: 11 March 2017

  10. Research article

    Antepartum complications and perinatal mortality in rural Bangladesh

    Despite impressive improvements in maternal survival throughout the world, rates of antepartum complications remain high. These conditions also contribute to high rates of perinatal deaths, which include still...

    Rasheda Khanam, Saifuddin Ahmed, Andreea A. Creanga, Nazma Begum, Alain K. Koffi, Arif Mahmud, Heather Rosen and Abdullah H. Baqui

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:81

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  11. Research article

    Option B+ for prevention of vertical HIV transmission has no influence on adverse birth outcomes in a cross-sectional cohort in Western Uganda

    While most Sub-Saharan African countries are now implementing the WHO-recommended Option B+ protocol for prevention of vertical HIV transmission, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the influence of Option ...

    Eva M. Rempis, Alexandra Schnack, Sarah Decker, Vera Braun, John Rubaihayo, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Priscilla Busingye, Gundel Harms and Stefanie Theuring

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:82

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  12. Research article

    A decade of progress providing safe abortion services in Ethiopia: results of national assessments in 2008 and 2014

    Ethiopia has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world (420 per 100,000 live births in 2013), and unsafe abortion continues to be one of the major causes. To reduce deaths and disabilities from...

    Yohannes Dibaba, Sally Dijkerman, Tamara Fetters, Ann Moore, Hailemichael Gebreselassie, Yirgu Gebrehiwot and Janie Benson

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:76

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  13. Research article

    Impact of the roll out of comprehensive emergency obstetric care on institutional birth rate in rural Nepal

    Increasing institutional births rates and improving access to comprehensive emergency obstetric care are central strategies for reducing maternal and neonatal deaths globally. While some studies show women con...

    Sheela Maru, Alex Harsha Bangura, Pooja Mehta, Deepak Bista, Lynn Borgatta, Sami Pande, David Citrin, Sumesh Khanal, Amrit Banstola and Duncan Maru

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:77

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  14. Research article

    Factors associated with low birth weight in Nepal using multiple imputation

    Survey data from low income countries on birth weight usually pose a persistent problem. The studies conducted on birth weight have acknowledged missing data on birth weight, but they are not included in the a...

    Usha Singh, Attachai Ueranantasun and Metta Kuning

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:67

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  15. Research article

    Factors influencing utilisation of maternal health services by adolescent mothers in Low-and middle-income countries: a systematic review

    Adolescent mothers aged 15–19 years are known to have greater risks of maternal morbidity and mortality compared with women aged 20–24 years, mostly due to their unique biological, sociological and economic st...

    Oluwasola Eniola Banke-Thomas, Aduragbemi Oluwabusayo Banke-Thomas and Charles Anawo Ameh

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:65

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  16. Research article

    Afghan migrants face more suboptimal care than natives: a maternal near-miss audit study at university hospitals in Tehran, Iran

    Women from low-income settings have higher risk of maternal near miss (MNM) and suboptimal care than natives in high-income countries. Iran is the second largest host country for Afghan refugees in the world. ...

    Soheila Mohammadi, Soraya Saleh Gargari, Masoumeh Fallahian, Carina Källestål, Shirin Ziaei and Birgitta Essén

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:64

    Published on: 13 February 2017

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