Maternal health and pregnancy

Section edited by Alexander Heazell and Asma Khalil

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of maternal health during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, obesity, anemia, hypertension, alcohol use, and all other aspects of maternal health.

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  1. Research article

    Management of suspected primary Toxoplasma gondii infection in pregnant women in Norway: twenty years of experience of amniocentesis in a low-prevalence population

    Primary infection with Toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy may pose a threat to the fetus. Women infected prior to conception are unlikely to transmit the parasite to the fetus. If maternal serology indicates a po...

    Gry Findal, Anne Helbig, Guttorm Haugen, Pål A. Jenum and Babill Stray-Pedersen

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:127

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  2. Study protocol

    The Pregnancy Environment and Lifestyle Study (PETALS): a population-based longitudinal multi-racial birth cohort

    Increasing recognition has been received regarding the proven and suggested links between multi-level environmental exposures on a broad scale (e.g., chemical, clinical, behavioral, physical and social) and he...

    Yeyi Zhu, Monique M. Hedderson, Juanran Feng, Ashley A. Mevi and Assiamira Ferrara

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:122

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  3. Research article

    Knowledge and attitude regarding pharmacogenetics among formerly pregnant women in the Netherlands and their interest in pharmacogenetic research

    Pharmacogenetics is an emerging field currently being implemented to improve safety when prescribing drugs. While many women who take drugs during pregnancy would likely benefit from such personalized drug the...

    Aizati N. A. Daud, Eefke L. Bergsma, Jorieke E. H. Bergman, Hermien E. K. De Walle, Wilhelmina S. Kerstjens-Frederikse, Bert J. Bijker, Eelko Hak and Bob Wilffert

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:120

    Published on: 14 April 2017

  4. Study protocol

    Centering and Racial Disparities (CRADLE study): rationale and design of a randomized controlled trial of centeringpregnancy and birth outcomes

    In the United States, preterm birth (PTB) before 37 weeks gestational age occurs at an unacceptably high rate, and large racial disparities persist. To date, medical and public health interventions have achiev...

    Liwei Chen, Amy H. Crockett, Sarah Covington-Kolb, Emily Heberlein, Lu Zhang and Xiaoqian Sun

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:118

    Published on: 13 April 2017

  5. Research article

    Substantial out-of-pocket expenditure on maternity care practitioner consultations and treatments during pregnancy: estimates from a nationally-representative sample of pregnant women in Australia

    A wide range of health care options are utilised by pregnant women in Australia. The out-of-pocket costs of maternity care in Australia vary depending on many factors including model of care utilised, health i...

    Jon Adams, Amie Steel, Jane Frawley, Alex Broom and David Sibbritt

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:114

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  6. Case report

    An abdominal ectopic pregnancy following a frozen-thawed ART cycle: a case report and review of the literature

    Ectopic pregnancy (EP) occurs in 1% of pregnancies and is reported to be more common in in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) pregnancies. An abdominal ectopic pregnancy (AEP) is a...

    Atsushi Yanaihara, Shirei Ohgi, Kenichirou Motomura, Yuko Hagiwara, Tae Mogami, Keisuke Saito and Takumi Yanaihara

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:108

    Published on: 7 April 2017

  7. Research article

    Changes in fruit and vegetable consumption habits from pre-pregnancy to early pregnancy among Norwegian women

    A healthy diet is important for pregnancy outcome and the current and future health of woman and child. The aims of the study were to explore the changes from pre-pregnancy to early pregnancy in consumption of...

    Marianne Skreden, Elling Bere, Linda R. Sagedal, Ingvild Vistad and Nina C. Øverby

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:107

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  8. Research article

    Feasibility, acceptability and efficacy of a web-based computer-tailored physical activity intervention for pregnant women - the Fit4Two randomised controlled trial

    Physical activity (PA) during pregnancy is associated with a variety of health benefits including a reduced risk of pregnancy related conditions such as pre-eclampsia and pregnancy-induced hypertension and lea...

    Melanie Hayman, Peter Reaburn, Matthew Browne, Corneel Vandelanotte, Stephanie Alley and Camille E. Short

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:96

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  9. Research article

    Facilitators and barriers to uptake and adherence to lifelong antiretroviral therapy among HIV infected pregnant women in Uganda: a qualitative study

    In 2012, Uganda started implementing lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) in line with the WHO 2012 guidelines. This study explored experiences of HIV in...

    Esther Buregyeya, Rose Naigino, Aggrey Mukose, Fred Makumbi, Godfrey Esiru, Jim Arinaitwe, Joshua Musinguzi and Rhoda K. Wanyenze

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:94

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  10. Research article

    Use of a patient decision aid for prenatal screening for Down syndrome: what do pregnant women say?

    Patient decision aids (PtDAs) help people make difficult, values-sensitive decisions. Prenatal screening for assessing the risk of genetic conditions in the fetus is one such decision and patient decision aids...

    Maria Esther Leiva Portocarrero, Anik M. C. Giguère, Johanie Lépine, Mirjam M. Garvelink, Hubert Robitaille, Agathe Delanoë, Isabelle Lévesque, Brenda J. Wilson, François Rousseau and France Légaré

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:90

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  11. Research article

    Research on the expression of integrin β3 and leukaemia inhibitory factor in the decidua of women with cesarean scar pregnancy

    Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a late serious complication of cesarean section. There has been an increase in the incidence of CSP worldwide in recent years. It’s a life-threatening condition because of the ...

    Zhi-Da Qian, Yue Weng, Chun-Fen Wang, Li-Li Huang and Xiao-Ming Zhu

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:84

    Published on: 11 March 2017

  12. Research article

    Validation of serum progesterone <35nmol/L as a predictor of miscarriage among women with threatened miscarriage

    Our recent paper, based on a pilot cohort of 119 women, showed that serum progesterone <35 nmol/L was prognostic of spontaneous miscarriage by 16 weeks in women with threatened miscarriage in early pregnancy. ...

    Sze Min Lek, Chee Wai Ku, John C. Allen Jr, Rahul Malhotra, Nguan Soon Tan, Truls Østbye and Thiam Chye Tan

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:78

    Published on: 6 March 2017

  13. Research article

    The burden of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy: severe impacts on quality of life, daily life functioning and willingness to become pregnant again – results from a cross-sectional study

    Though nausea and vomiting is very common during pregnancy, no studies have investigated the impact of this condition on the women’s daily lives in a Scandinavian population. The aim of this study was to descr...

    Kristine Heitmann, Hedvig Nordeng, Gro C. Havnen, Anja Solheimsnes and Lone Holst

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:75

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  14. Case report

    Congenital tuberculosis in an extremely preterm infant conceived after in vitro fertilization: case report

    Congenital tuberculosis is a rare manifestation of tuberculosis. The diagnosis is often delayed, especially in preterm neonates because of the non-specific clinical presentation and the lack of awareness of ma...

    Veronica Samedi, Stephen K. Field, Essa Al Awad, Gregory Ratcliffe and Kamran Yusuf

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:66

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  15. Study protocol

    Assessment of DHA on reducing early preterm birth: the ADORE randomized controlled trial protocol

    Preterm birth contributes to 0.5 million deliveries in the United States (one of eight pregnancies) and poses a huge burden on public health with costs in the billions. Of particular concern is that the rate o...

    Susan E. Carlson, Byron J. Gajewski, Christina J. Valentine, Lynette K. Rogers, Carl P. Weiner, Emily A. DeFranco and Catalin S. Buhimschi

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:62

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  16. Research article

    Pregnancy termination for fetal abnormality: are health professionals’ perceptions of women’s coping congruent with women’s accounts?

    Pregnancy termination for fetal abnormality (TFA) may have profound psychological consequences for those involved. Evidence suggests that women’s experience of care influences their psychological adjustment to...

    Caroline Lafarge, Kathryn Mitchell, Andrew C. G. Breeze and Pauline Fox

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:60

    Published on: 8 February 2017

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