Labor, delivery, and postpartum health

Section edited by Valerie Smith

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health, including labor induction, mode of delivery, fetal monitoring, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, obstetric fistula, perineal tears, and all other aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health.

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  1. Research article

    A comparison of intrapartum interventions and adverse outcomes by parity in planned freestanding midwifery unit and alongside midwifery unit births: secondary analysis of ‘low risk’ births in the birthplace in England cohort

    For low risk women, there is good evidence that planned birth in a midwifery unit is associated with a reduced risk of maternal interventions compared with planned birth in an obstetric unit. Findings from the...

    Jennifer Hollowell, Yangmei Li, Kathryn Bunch and Peter Brocklehurst

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:95

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Risk factors associated with adverse perinatal outcome in planned vaginal breech labors at term: a retrospective population-based case-control study

    Vaginal breech delivery is associated with adverse perinatal outcome. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with adverse perinatal outcome in term breech pregnancies, and to provide clinicia...

    Georg Macharey, Mika Gissler, Veli-Matti Ulander, Leena Rahkonen, Mervi Väisänen-Tommiska, Mika Nuutila and Seppo Heinonen

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:93

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  3. Research article

    Enhanced recovery after elective caesarean: a rapid review of clinical protocols, and an umbrella review of systematic reviews

    The rate of elective Caesarean Section (CS) is rising in many countries. Many obstetric units in the UK have either introduced or are planning to introduce enhanced recovery (ER) as a means of reducing length ...

    Ellena Corso, Daniel Hind, Daniel Beever, Gordon Fuller, Matthew J. Wilson, Ian J. Wrench and Duncan Chambers

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:91

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Adaptation of non-technical skills behavioural markers for delivery room simulation

    Simulation in healthcare has proved to be a useful method in improving skills and increasing the safety of clinical operations. The debriefing session, after the simulated scenario, is the core of the simulati...

    Fabrizio Bracco, Michele Masini, Gabriele De Tonetti, Francesca Brogioni, Arianna Amidani, Sara Monichino, Alessandra Maltoni, Andrea Dato, Claudia Grattarola, Massimo Cordone, Giancarlo Torre, Claudio Launo, Carlo Chiorri and Danilo Celleno

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:89

    Published on: 17 March 2017

  5. Research article

    Trial of labour after caesarean section and the risk of neonatal and infant death: a nationwide cohort study

    Caesarean section (CS) rates are increasing worldwide and as a result repeat CS is common. The optimal mode of delivery in women with one previous CS is widely debated and the risks to the infant are understud...

    Sinéad M. O’Neill, Esben Agerbo, Ali S. Khashan, Patricia M. Kearney, Tine Brink Henriksen, Richard A. Greene and Louise C. Kenny

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:74

    Published on: 27 February 2017

  6. Research article

    Knowledge of obstetric danger signs and associated factors among reproductive age women in Raya Kobo district of Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study

    Knowledge of danger signs of obstetric complications during pregnancy, labour, and postnatal period is the first essential step for appropriate and timely referral. This study aimed to investigate predictors o...

    Nigus Bililign and Tesfahun Mulatu

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:70

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  7. Research article

    Accuracy of clinical fetal weight estimation by Midwives

    Clinical fetal weight estimation is a common practice in obstetrics. This study aims to evaluate the accuracy of fetal weight estimation by midwives, and to identify factors that may lead to overestimation or ...

    Assaad Kesrouani, Chady Atallah, Ramzi AbouJaoude, Norma Assaf, Hanaa Khaled and Elie Attieh

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:59

    Published on: 8 February 2017

  8. Research article

    Decreased neonatal pain response after vaginal-operative delivery with Kiwi OmniCup versus metal ventouse

    Vaginal delivery, especially operative assisted vaginal delivery, seems to be a major stressor for the neonate. The objective of this study was to evaluate the stress response after metal cup versus Kiwi Omnic...

    E. A. Huhn, E. Visca, D. R. Vogt, S. von Felten, E. M. Tinner Oehler, C. Bührer, D. Surbek, R. Zimmermann and I. Hoesli

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:47

    Published on: 31 January 2017

  9. Research article

    Rates and trends in cesarean sections between 2008 and 2012 in Iraq

    The prevalence of cesarean sections is increasing globally; however, it can lead to significant increases in maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the rates and trends of c...

    Nazar P. Shabila

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:22

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  10. Research article

    Risk factors for severe postpartum hemorrhage: a case-control study

    In high-income countries, the incidence of severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) has increased. This has important public health relevance because severe PPH is a leading cause of major maternal morbidity. Howeve...

    Lill Trine Nyfløt, Irene Sandven, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Silje Pettersen, Iqbal Al-Zirqi, Margit Rosenberg, Anne Flem Jacobsen and Siri Vangen

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:17

    Published on: 10 January 2017

  11. Research article

    Maternal Asian ethnicity and obstetric intrapartum intervention: a retrospective cohort study

    Maternal ethnicity is a recognized risk factor for stillbirth, such that South Asian women have higher rates than their Caucasian counterparts. However, whether maternal ethnicity is a risk factor for intrapar...

    Maya Reddy, Euan M. Wallace, Joanne C. Mockler, Lynne Stewart, Michelle Knight, Ryan Hodges, Sasha Skinner and Miranda Davies-Tuck

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:3

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  12. Research Article

    Impact of obstetric interventions on condition at birth in extremely preterm babies: evidence from a national cohort study

    To investigate perinatal decision-making and the use of obstetric interventions, we examined the effects of antenatal steroids, tocolysis, and delivery mode on birth in a good condition (defined as presence of...

    Andrei S. Morgan, Neil Marlow, Elizabeth S. Draper, Zarko Alfirević, Enid M. Hennessy and Kate Costeloe

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:390

    Published on: 13 December 2016

  13. Research article

    Oxidative stress and inflammation in retained placenta: a pilot study of protein and gene expression of GPX1 and NFκB

    Retained placenta is associated with severe postpartum hemorrhage. Its etiology is unknown and its biochemistry has not been studied. We aimed to assess whether levels of the antioxidative enzyme Glutathione P...

    Margit Endler, Sissel Saltvedt, Mohamed Eweida and Helena Åkerud

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:384

    Published on: 6 December 2016

  14. Study protocol

    Institutionalizing postpartum intrauterine device (IUD) services in Sri Lanka, Tanzania, and Nepal: study protocol for a cluster-randomized stepped-wedge trial

    During the year following the birth of a child, 40% of women are estimated to have an unmet need for contraception. The copper IUD provides safe, effective, convenient, and long-term contraceptive protection t...

    David Canning, Iqbal H. Shah, Erin Pearson, Elina Pradhan, Mahesh Karra, Leigh Senderowicz, Till Bärnighausen, Donna Spiegelman and Ana Langer

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2016 16:362

    Published on: 21 November 2016

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