Labor, delivery, and postpartum health

Section edited by Valerie Smith

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health, including labor induction, mode of delivery, fetal monitoring, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, obstetric fistula, perineal tears, and all other aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health.

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  1. Research article

    Active delivery of the anterior arm and incidence of second-degree perineal tears: a clinical practice evaluation

    Evaluate the feasibility of active delivery of the anterior arm during spontaneous delivery. This maneuver could decrease incidence of second-degree perineal tears because it reduces fetal biacromial diameter.

    Nicolas Mottet, Marine Bonneaud, Astrid Eckman-Lacroix, Rajeev Ramanah and Didier Riethmuller

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:141

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  2. Research article

    Benefits of preparing for childbirth with mindfulness training: a randomized controlled trial with active comparison

    Childbirth fear is linked with lower labor pain tolerance and worse postpartum adjustment. Empirically validated childbirth preparation options are lacking for pregnant women facing this problem. Mindfulness a...

    Larissa G. Duncan, Michael A. Cohn, Maria T. Chao, Joseph G. Cook, Jane Riccobono and Nancy Bardacke

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:140

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  3. Research article

    Risk factors for postpartum depression among Chinese women: path model analysis

    Postpartum depression causes harm to both mothers and infants. The purpose of this study was to find out several potential risk factors, and to identify the intrinsic interrelationships between factors and pos...

    Shiping Liu, Yan Yan, Xiao Gao, Shiting Xiang, Tingting Sha, Guangyu Zeng and Qiong He

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:133

    Published on: 2 May 2017

  4. Research article

    Comparison of rapid immunoassays for rupture of fetal membranes

    Rupture of membranes (ROM) before the onset of uterine contractions, particularly in pregnancies less than 37 weeks gestational age, is a common diagnostic problem in obstetrical practice. Timely detection of ...

    Irogue Igbinosa, Ferney A. Moore, Cheri Johnson and Jon E. Block

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:128

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  5. Research article

    Birth by caesarean section and school performance in Swedish adolescents- a population-based study

    Our objective was to assess the impact of obstetric mode of delivery, and in particular birth by Caesarean section (CS), on school performance in adolescents using a large, population-based cohort.

    Eileen A. Curran, Louise C. Kenny, Christina Dalman, Patricia M. Kearney, John F. Cryan, Timothy G. Dinan and Ali S Khashan

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:121

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  6. Research article

    Case-crossover study to examine the change in postpartum risk of pulmonary embolism over time

    Although the current guidelines recommend anticoagulation up until 6 weeks after delivery in women at high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), the risk of VTE may extend beyond 6 weeks. Our objective was to ...

    Grégoire Ficheur, Alexandre Caron, Jean-Baptiste Beuscart, Laurie Ferret, Yu-Jin Jung, Charles Garabedian, Régis Beuscart and Emmanuel Chazard

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:119

    Published on: 14 April 2017

  7. Research article

    Beliefs and practices during pregnancy, post-partum and in the first days of an infant’s life in rural Cambodia

    The aim of this study was to record the beliefs, practices during pregnancy, post-partum and in the first few days of an infant’s life, held by a cross section of the community in rural Cambodia to determine b...

    Claudia Turner, Sreymom Pol, Kamsan Suon, Leakhena Neou, Nicholas P. J. Day, Michael Parker and Patricia Kingori

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:116

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  8. Research article

    Using a quality improvement model to enhance providers’ performance in maternal and newborn health care: a post-only intervention and comparison design

    The Standards Based Management and Recognition (SBM-R©) approach to quality improvement has been implemented in Ethiopia to strengthen routine maternal and newborn health (MNH) services. This evaluation assessed ...

    Firew Ayalew, Gizachew Eyassu, Negash Seyoum, Jos van Roosmalen, Eva Bazant, Young Mi Kim, Alemnesh Tekleberhan, Hannah Gibson, Ephrem Daniel and Jelle Stekelenburg

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:115

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  9. Research article

    Relationships between parental sleep quality, fatigue, cognitions about infant sleep, and parental depression pre and post-intervention for infant behavioral sleep problems

    Maternal and paternal depression has been associated with infants’ behavioral sleep problems. Behavioral sleep interventions, which alter parental cognitions about infant sleep, have improved infant sleep prob...

    Wendy A. Hall, Melissa Moynihan, Radhika Bhagat and Joanne Wooldridge

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:104

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  10. Research article

    Midwife-led maternity care in Ireland – a retrospective cohort study

    Midwife-led maternity care is shown to be safe for women with low-risk during pregnancy. In Ireland, two midwife-led units (MLUs) were introduced in 2004 when a randomised controlled trial (the MidU study) was...

    Anna Dencker, Valerie Smith, Colette McCann and Cecily Begley

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:101

    Published on: 28 March 2017

  11. Research article

    A comparison of intrapartum interventions and adverse outcomes by parity in planned freestanding midwifery unit and alongside midwifery unit births: secondary analysis of ‘low risk’ births in the birthplace in England cohort

    For low risk women, there is good evidence that planned birth in a midwifery unit is associated with a reduced risk of maternal interventions compared with planned birth in an obstetric unit. Findings from the...

    Jennifer Hollowell, Yangmei Li, Kathryn Bunch and Peter Brocklehurst

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:95

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  12. Research article

    Risk factors associated with adverse perinatal outcome in planned vaginal breech labors at term: a retrospective population-based case-control study

    Vaginal breech delivery is associated with adverse perinatal outcome. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with adverse perinatal outcome in term breech pregnancies, and to provide clinicia...

    Georg Macharey, Mika Gissler, Veli-Matti Ulander, Leena Rahkonen, Mervi Väisänen-Tommiska, Mika Nuutila and Seppo Heinonen

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:93

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  13. Research article

    Enhanced recovery after elective caesarean: a rapid review of clinical protocols, and an umbrella review of systematic reviews

    The rate of elective Caesarean Section (CS) is rising in many countries. Many obstetric units in the UK have either introduced or are planning to introduce enhanced recovery (ER) as a means of reducing length ...

    Ellena Corso, Daniel Hind, Daniel Beever, Gordon Fuller, Matthew J. Wilson, Ian J. Wrench and Duncan Chambers

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:91

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  14. Research article

    Adaptation of non-technical skills behavioural markers for delivery room simulation

    Simulation in healthcare has proved to be a useful method in improving skills and increasing the safety of clinical operations. The debriefing session, after the simulated scenario, is the core of the simulati...

    Fabrizio Bracco, Michele Masini, Gabriele De Tonetti, Francesca Brogioni, Arianna Amidani, Sara Monichino, Alessandra Maltoni, Andrea Dato, Claudia Grattarola, Massimo Cordone, Giancarlo Torre, Claudio Launo, Carlo Chiorri and Danilo Celleno

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:89

    Published on: 17 March 2017

  15. Research article

    Trial of labour after caesarean section and the risk of neonatal and infant death: a nationwide cohort study

    Caesarean section (CS) rates are increasing worldwide and as a result repeat CS is common. The optimal mode of delivery in women with one previous CS is widely debated and the risks to the infant are understud...

    Sinéad M. O’Neill, Esben Agerbo, Ali S. Khashan, Patricia M. Kearney, Tine Brink Henriksen, Richard A. Greene and Louise C. Kenny

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:74

    Published on: 27 February 2017

  16. Research article

    Knowledge of obstetric danger signs and associated factors among reproductive age women in Raya Kobo district of Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study

    Knowledge of danger signs of obstetric complications during pregnancy, labour, and postnatal period is the first essential step for appropriate and timely referral. This study aimed to investigate predictors o...

    Nigus Bililign and Tesfahun Mulatu

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:70

    Published on: 21 February 2017

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