Labor, delivery, and postpartum health

Section edited by Valerie Smith

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health, including labor induction, mode of delivery, fetal monitoring, hemorrhage, uterine rupture, obstetric fistula, perineal tears, and all other aspects of labor, delivery, and postpartum health.

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  1. Research article

    Incidence, management and outcome of women requiring massive transfusion after childbirth in the Netherlands: secondary analysis of a nationwide cohort study between 2004 and 2006

    Postpartum hemorrhage remains the leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Few population-based studies have examined the epidemiology of massive transfusion for postpartum hemorrhage. The ...

    Paul I. Ramler, Thomas van den Akker, Dacia D. C. A. Henriquez, Joost J. Zwart and Jos van Roosmalen

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:197

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  2. Research article

    The effect of an elective cesarean section on maternal request on peripartum anxiety and depression in women with childbirth fear: a systematic review

    Obstetricians are often reluctant to grant requests for an elective cesarean section (ECS) due to childbirth fear. To date, it is unknown if an ECS on request improves mental well-being in the mother in the pe...

    Renske M. Olieman, Femke Siemonsma, Margaux A. Bartens, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Fedde Scheele and Adriaan Honig

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:195

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  3. Case report

    A case of acute Sheehan’s syndrome and literature review: a rare but life-threatening complication of postpartum hemorrhage

    Sheehan’s syndrome occurs because of severe postpartum hemorrhage causing ischemic pituitary necrosis. Sheehan’s syndrome is a well-known condition that is generally diagnosed several years postpartum. However...

    Shinya Matsuzaki, Masayuki Endo, Yutaka Ueda, Kazuya Mimura, Aiko Kakigano, Tomomi Egawa-Takata, Keiichi Kumasawa, Kiyoshi Yoshino and Tadashi Kimura

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:188

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  4. Research article

    On predicting time to completion for the first stage of spontaneous labor at term in multiparous women

    Labor that progresses faster than anticipated may lead to unplanned out-of-hospital births. With the aim to improve planning of transportation to birthing institutions, this study investigated predictors of ti...

    Björn Gunnarsson, Eirik Skogvoll, Ingibjörg Hanna Jónsdóttir, Jo Røislien and Alexander Kr Smárason

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:183

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  5. Research article

    Is early intervention using Mansoura-VV uterine compression sutures an effective procedure in the management of primary atonic postpartum hemorrhage? : a prospective study

    Postpartum hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal death, uterine atony accounts for 75-90% of primary postpartum hemorrhage. The efficacy of the Uterine compression suture in the treatment of atonic postp...

    Abd Elaziz A. El Refaeey, Hosam Abdelfattah, Alaa Mosbah, Anas M. Gamal, Emad Fayla, Waleed Refaie, Abdelhady Zaied, Rafik I. Barakat, Amal K. Seleem and Mohammed Maher

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:160

    Published on: 31 May 2017

  6. Research article

    Active delivery of the anterior arm and incidence of second-degree perineal tears: a clinical practice evaluation

    Evaluate the feasibility of active delivery of the anterior arm during spontaneous delivery. This maneuver could decrease incidence of second-degree perineal tears because it reduces fetal biacromial diameter.

    Nicolas Mottet, Marine Bonneaud, Astrid Eckman-Lacroix, Rajeev Ramanah and Didier Riethmuller

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:141

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  7. Research article

    Benefits of preparing for childbirth with mindfulness training: a randomized controlled trial with active comparison

    Childbirth fear is linked with lower labor pain tolerance and worse postpartum adjustment. Empirically validated childbirth preparation options are lacking for pregnant women facing this problem. Mindfulness a...

    Larissa G. Duncan, Michael A. Cohn, Maria T. Chao, Joseph G. Cook, Jane Riccobono and Nancy Bardacke

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:140

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  8. Research article

    Risk factors for postpartum depression among Chinese women: path model analysis

    Postpartum depression causes harm to both mothers and infants. The purpose of this study was to find out several potential risk factors, and to identify the intrinsic interrelationships between factors and pos...

    Shiping Liu, Yan Yan, Xiao Gao, Shiting Xiang, Tingting Sha, Guangyu Zeng and Qiong He

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:133

    Published on: 2 May 2017

  9. Research article

    Comparison of rapid immunoassays for rupture of fetal membranes

    Rupture of membranes (ROM) before the onset of uterine contractions, particularly in pregnancies less than 37 weeks gestational age, is a common diagnostic problem in obstetrical practice. Timely detection of ...

    Irogue Igbinosa, Ferney A. Moore, Cheri Johnson and Jon E. Block

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:128

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  10. Research article

    Birth by caesarean section and school performance in Swedish adolescents- a population-based study

    Our objective was to assess the impact of obstetric mode of delivery, and in particular birth by Caesarean section (CS), on school performance in adolescents using a large, population-based cohort.

    Eileen A. Curran, Louise C. Kenny, Christina Dalman, Patricia M. Kearney, John F. Cryan, Timothy G. Dinan and Ali S Khashan

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:121

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  11. Research article

    Case-crossover study to examine the change in postpartum risk of pulmonary embolism over time

    Although the current guidelines recommend anticoagulation up until 6 weeks after delivery in women at high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), the risk of VTE may extend beyond 6 weeks. Our objective was to ...

    Grégoire Ficheur, Alexandre Caron, Jean-Baptiste Beuscart, Laurie Ferret, Yu-Jin Jung, Charles Garabedian, Régis Beuscart and Emmanuel Chazard

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:119

    Published on: 14 April 2017

  12. Research article

    Beliefs and practices during pregnancy, post-partum and in the first days of an infant’s life in rural Cambodia

    The aim of this study was to record the beliefs, practices during pregnancy, post-partum and in the first few days of an infant’s life, held by a cross section of the community in rural Cambodia to determine b...

    Claudia Turner, Sreymom Pol, Kamsan Suon, Leakhena Neou, Nicholas P. J. Day, Michael Parker and Patricia Kingori

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:116

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  13. Research article

    Using a quality improvement model to enhance providers’ performance in maternal and newborn health care: a post-only intervention and comparison design

    The Standards Based Management and Recognition (SBM-R©) approach to quality improvement has been implemented in Ethiopia to strengthen routine maternal and newborn health (MNH) services. This evaluation assessed ...

    Firew Ayalew, Gizachew Eyassu, Negash Seyoum, Jos van Roosmalen, Eva Bazant, Young Mi Kim, Alemnesh Tekleberhan, Hannah Gibson, Ephrem Daniel and Jelle Stekelenburg

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:115

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  14. Research article

    Relationships between parental sleep quality, fatigue, cognitions about infant sleep, and parental depression pre and post-intervention for infant behavioral sleep problems

    Maternal and paternal depression has been associated with infants’ behavioral sleep problems. Behavioral sleep interventions, which alter parental cognitions about infant sleep, have improved infant sleep prob...

    Wendy A. Hall, Melissa Moynihan, Radhika Bhagat and Joanne Wooldridge

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:104

    Published on: 4 April 2017

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:193

  15. Research article

    Midwife-led maternity care in Ireland – a retrospective cohort study

    Midwife-led maternity care is shown to be safe for women with low-risk during pregnancy. In Ireland, two midwife-led units (MLUs) were introduced in 2004 when a randomised controlled trial (the MidU study) was...

    Anna Dencker, Valerie Smith, Colette McCann and Cecily Begley

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:101

    Published on: 28 March 2017

  16. Research article

    A comparison of intrapartum interventions and adverse outcomes by parity in planned freestanding midwifery unit and alongside midwifery unit births: secondary analysis of ‘low risk’ births in the birthplace in England cohort

    For low risk women, there is good evidence that planned birth in a midwifery unit is associated with a reduced risk of maternal interventions compared with planned birth in an obstetric unit. Findings from the...

    Jennifer Hollowell, Yangmei Li, Kathryn Bunch and Peter Brocklehurst

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:95

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  17. Research article

    Risk factors associated with adverse perinatal outcome in planned vaginal breech labors at term: a retrospective population-based case-control study

    Vaginal breech delivery is associated with adverse perinatal outcome. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with adverse perinatal outcome in term breech pregnancies, and to provide clinicia...

    Georg Macharey, Mika Gissler, Veli-Matti Ulander, Leena Rahkonen, Mervi Väisänen-Tommiska, Mika Nuutila and Seppo Heinonen

    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2017 17:93

    Published on: 20 March 2017

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